The lead mining in Mechernich is described as an important cultural landscape area (KLB) as in the specialist article cultural landscape to the Cologne regional plan. The value-determining features of the historical cultural landscape are briefly summarized and characterized for the scale level of regional planning.
There is evidence of pre-Roman or Roman mining, day labor mining in the Middle Ages and the early modern era, large-scale open-cast mining began in the 19th century (most modern mine in Europe in the mid-19th century), the last mine closed in 1957; Due to the low metal content of the ore, only economic success through mass mining in surface and underground mining; Large parts of the mines were buried, in some cases only the uppermost mining hawser (pit with minerals to be mined) visible on the surface (ground monument).
Malakoffturm: around 1870 over a shaft of the Bleierz colliery Emil erected winding tower, the only remaining one in the Rhineland outside of the Ruhr area; Landmark with a great long-distance effect, lines of sight from Lückerath and Roggendorf. - Reminder of the earlier importance of the Mechernich lead mining.
The cultural landscape and monument conservation goal within the framework of regional planning is a preserving cultural landscape development, in particular
+ Preservation as the dominant feature of the landscape
+ Securing culturally significant soils
+ Preserving and securing archaeological and palaeontological monuments in their context
From: Landschaftsverband Rheinland (Ed.): Specialist contribution cultural landscape to the Cologne regional plan. Preserving cultural landscape development, Cologne 2016.
October 26, 2019
The heyday of lead mining in this area was around 1882 when 4000-5000 workers were employed there. A large lead smelter was built in 1869, its chimney was 134 meters high. In 1952/53 the Mechernicher Werke union built drilling rigs near Kallmuth in order to determine the lead ore deposits. The Preußische Bergwerks- und Hütten AG (Preussag) operated the plant from 1937 to 1958, until the production ended in 1957 due to the decreasing yield and falling lead prices. At that time, around 1200 people were still working in the lead ore works. Source: kuladig.de/Objektansicht/KLD-283505 The nature reserve "Kallmuther Berg" was later created on the disused ore mining area
February 28, 2021
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