The Halbachhammer is a donation from Gustav Krupp von Bohlen and Halbachs to the city of Essen. Originally located in Weidenau an der Sieg, the monument is now in the western forest park, which Margarethe Krupp had built with the construction of the garden suburb Margarethenhöhe as a permanent facility and donated to the city of Essen as a "promenade gift" for local recreational purposes. The plant, which was first documented around 1417, was the last plant of its kind in Siegerland to be closed around 1900 after 500 years of active operation. Gustav Krupp von Bohlen and Halbach arranged for their transfer to Essen and had them rebuilt ready for operation in 1935/36 in the Nachtigallental valley - within sight of Margarethenhöhe.
The Margarethenhöhe, the surrounding forests and the Halbachhammer today form a private foundation complex of the highest cultural value. Technically, the Halbachhammer represents a "hammer mill". This combined on the basis of hydropower and charcoal
March 8, 2017
Cultural monument of the city of Essen
"The Halbach Hammer"
was transferred to the city of Essen as a cultural monument in 1936 by Gustav von Krupp von Bohlen and Halbach.
Originally located in Weidenau an der Sieg.
The facility was first mentioned in 1417 as "Fickynhütte". In 1820 it was still one of the most productive plants. It was decommissioned in 1900.
In 1915 it was acquired by Gustav Krupp, who had it rebuilt in the Nachtigallental valley in 1935-36 and donated it as a cultural monument to the city of Essen.
As a monument, the Halbachhammer refers to the pre-industrial production of wrought iron based on hydropower and charcoal. As a hammer mill, the Halbachhammer had the task of making carbon-enriched, brittle pig iron through a renewed melting process ("fresh") of malleable iron. The fresh iron was then compacted evenly in a subsequent step under the throwing hammer, freed from the effects of slag and forged into a "semi-finished product", the so-called bar iron.
The current facility consists of an originally hydro-powered, heavy throwing hammer in the form of a solid oak structure that fills the building. Opposite the hammer system is the »wind turbine«. which uses two bellows and an air boiler - originally the fresh stove, now the chimney - to supply the air required for the fire work in a continuous flow.
This location is the station of the theme routes
5.) Krupp and the city of Essen
11.) Early industrialization
May 5, 2018
In the summer time, on the 1st Sunday of each month, the technical monument is regularly presented in demonstrations by the Ruhr Museum. The Halbachhammer branch office is closed in the winter months. Free entry
Contact & reservation
Fulerumer Str. 11
+49 (0) 201 24681 444
info from familienkultour.de/kultur/nordrhein-westfalen/schauvorfuehrungen-im-halbachhammer-in-essen
September 22, 2018
The Halbach hammer can e.g. B. can be visited on a circular hike around the Margarethenhöhe. The starting point of the tour marked with an M in the Margarethenhöhe district of Essen is on Holsterhauser Strasse on the bridgehead.
July 13, 2020
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