According to a plan from 1674, probably by Henry Perronet, the maze was inserted in 1937 during the great restoration in the garden. It is octagonal and is surrounded by a broad gravel path, from which four small Bosketträume go off. The maze itself is surrounded by hornbeam hedges and leads into the middle of the complex to a wooden temple, which used to serve as Vogelvolière. The hedges are a total of 500 meters long, the shortest route to the center is 15 meters.
This Boskett or Heckentheater was built in the years 1689 to 1692 under the direction of Brand Westermann. The gardeners Martin Charbonnier was responsible for the plantings.
Historic hedge theater
The stage is a roughly 62 x 58 meter rectangular area, which tapers backwards and rises slightly, creating a perspective effect. Gilded lead figures and taxuspyramids form the conclusion of the hornbeam hedges, which at the same time serve as a backdrop and changing room.
The small Boskett gardens were once popular meeting places for secretive gatherings.
South of the swan ponds is a zone with bokkett gardens. The geometrically cut hornbeam hedge form long shady corridors, small niches and closed spaces. Bosketts were once popular meeting places for secretive gatherings.
At the center of the outer bokkett gardens are pillar temples made of wood, the individual Boskette have small pools in their midst.
Since the restoration of the Great Garden in 1936-37, the eight middle gardens have been dedicated to different themes:
Low German Rose Garden
Low German flower garden
Spring water garden
The cascade is the oldest building of the "Great Garden". They allowed over the roof terraces a direct garden access from the living rooms. They are particularly worth seeing on days of illumination in the Great Garden. Dates can be found here:
The Wenger Foundation for Historic Preservation is a nonprofit private foundation. It was founded in 1997 by Dr.-Ing. Fritz H. Wenger († 2004), Dusseldorf, founded. The Foundation has made it its mission to support projects for the protection and repair of cultural monuments in Lower Saxony, especially in the state capital of Hannover. She works closely with historic preservation. The funds of the Wenger Foundation for the Preservation of Monuments benefit churches, palaces and mansions, town houses, technical monuments, city walls, funerary monuments, parks and gardens. (Source: wenger-stiftung.de)
For more than 300 years, the garden theater of Herrenhausen Gardens has been the scene of theater and dance performances, balls and masquerades. Elector Ernst August commissioned 27 gold-plated figures for the splendid decoration of this festival room around 1690.
17 of these figures are still preserved. However, they were so badly damaged that they were scrapped in 1974 and replaced by robust bronze copies. Now the valuable originals have returned to their places in the garden theater and live up to their name "golden figures". The Wenger Foundation for Historic Preservation has had the figures restored for 353,000 euros in a Regensburg specialist workshop after being stored for more than 30 years.
As usual then, the figures were cast from lead and finished with a gold plating. Lead figures were a popular replacement for the much more expensive bronze figures in the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Lead was not only much cheaper, but also much more sensitive, so that only a few lead figures have been preserved throughout Europe to this day. Therefore, the 17 originals in the Gartentheater Herrenhausen represent a significant ensemble for the baroque sculpture of Northern Europe.
The figures are replicas of famous examples from antiquity, as was the fashion of the garden decoration of the Baroque. At the edge of the stage, two Borghese fencers face each other, created after a marble statue unearthed in Rome in 1613. The statue can be admired today in the Paris Louvre. Also, the famous Venus Medici, now exhibited in Florence, is among the mansions gold figures to identify. It is surrounded by dancing and musical faunas, mythical spirits from the entourage of Dionysus.
A total of 18 golden figures decorate the garden theater: In addition to the 17 originals, the restorers gilded one of the bronze figures whose baroque design no longer exists. It completes the overall picture and is indistinguishable from the originals. Visitors to the Great Garden can see the golden figures as part of their daily opening hours. Source (hannover.de)
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