In der Hamburger Innenstadt gelangt man direkt von der Mönckebergstraße, vorbei am Heinrich-Heine-Denkmal, zum Rathaus und zum davor liegenden Rathausmarkt. Er ist der zentrale Ort in der Hansestadt. Der Rathausmarkt bietet heute wieder eine große, offene und attraktive Aufenthaltsfläche, die an zwei Seiten von Bäumen gesäumt wird.
Der Rathausmarkt wurde nach dem Großen Brand von 1842 angelegt, dem auch das alte Rathaus an der Trostbrücke und die Häuser in der Gegend des heutigen Platzes, mit Ausnahme der neuen Hamburger Börse (1839/41) zum Opfer fiel.
Als Vorbild zur Gestaltung des Rathausmarktes diente der berühmte Markusplatz in Venedig, der ebenfalls an einer Seite hin zum Wasser offen ist.
Am 19. April 1933 wurde der Rathausmarkt in Adolf-Hitler-Platz umbenannt. Die Rückbenennung erfolgte nach Kriegsende 1945.
Bis Anfang der 1970er Jahre hatte der an drei Seiten von Hauptstraßen umgebene Platz zusätzlich große Bedeutung als Verkehrsknotenpunkt im Hamburger Verkehrsverbund. Mit dem Ziel, wieder einen zentralen Platz in der Hamburger Innenstadt zu schaffen, auf dem man sich gut und gerne aufhalten kann, wurde der Platz in den 1980er Jahre aufwändig umgestaltet. Die klare und einfache übersichtliche Gestaltung des Büros FNO Planungsgruppe bietet heute die Möglichkeit für vielseitige Nutzungen. Der Bodenbelag besteht aus einem Belag von hellen Platten, die in regelmäßigen Abständen rechteckig von einem Granitsteinpflaster eingefasst werden. Der Rathausmarkt ist leicht abgesenkt. Am Rand befinden sich einige kleine Kioske und Läden.
Hier finden verschiedene Veranstaltungen statt, wie beispielsweise ein Freiluftkino, Konzerte und in der Adventszeit der „Historische Weihnachtsmarkt“. Nachts bietet hier das angestrahlte Rathaus einen sehenswerten Anblick. Die Lage inmitten der Innenstadt und die unmittelbare Nähe zur Alster verleihen dem Rathausplatz seine besondere Schönheit und Bedeutung. Vor allem jedoch bringt der großzügige Platz durch seine Weitläufigkeit und schlichte Gestaltung das Hamburger Rathaus besonders zur Geltung.
January 30, 2019
Very beautiful city hall with seat of the Hamburg citizenship and the senate of the free and hanseatic city Hamburg. In the courtyard there is a very nice fountain. You can do guided tours in the town hall through this architecturally magnificent building. Very nice place and a great landmark of Hamburg
July 3, 2019
The Hamburg Memorial, officially: Memorial to the Fallen of both World Wars, is a stele with the relief mourning mother with child. The relief was created in 1931 by Ernst Barlach in memory of the fallen of the First World War. The architect of the memorial, which was created between 1930 and 1932, was Klaus Hoffmann.
The stressed simple memorial with the text "Forty thousand sons of the city left their lives for you - 1914-1918" was considered in the public at that time as a political challenge of the social-liberal senate from the SPD, DDP and DVP against the right-wing parties, especially at the same time the equestrian statue emperor Wilhelm I was removed from the Rathausmarkt. The words suggesting a sacrificial death "for you" in the inscription, however, had already been a concession to right-wing currents, which the SPD initially wanted to prevent. The relief was removed in 1938 by the National Socialists and replaced by the motif of an ascending eagle by Hans Martin Ruwoldt. In addition, they erected a war memorial at Dammtor.
After the Second World War, the image was reconstructed by the stonemason Friedrich Bursch and rededicated the memorial to commemorate both world wars. Since then, the monument has been the official memorial monument to the city, where every year on Memorial Day the wreaths of senate and citizenship are laid down.
July 19, 2017
The story of the handling of the city of Hamburg with the memory of Heinrich Heine is a long and little glorious. Heine (1797-1856) was due to his Jewish origin and his literary "Nestbeschmutzung" regarded works, such as "Germany, a winter fairy tale", a nationalist-hostile poet. The books of the defamed by the Nazi regime as "Jewish degenerate" were burned, which removes the monuments reminding him. A monument created by Hugo Lederer (1871-1940) in the city park was melted down. Another, originally located on Spitalerstrasse, was taken to safety by the daughter of the Heine publisher Campe in Toulon, southern France, where it still stands today.It was not until May 11, 1982, that a new Heine monument was unveiled in Hamburg. The initiative came from the Heine Society founded in 1977 and the Jewish writer Arie Goral. A call for donations by the former cultural senator Wolfgang Tarnowski, who established the town hall market as a location, supported 3,000 people from Hamburg. Thus, the bronze sculpture created by Waldemar Otto (born 1929) could be financed from private and public funds. The figure of a thoughtful Heinrich Heine stands on a granite pedestal with four bronze reliefs. Explanatory texts recall the burning of books and the destruction of the old Heine monument by the National Socialists.
May 25, 2019
Heinrich Heine, born in Dusseldorf, spent several years in Hamburg, although he obviously did not particularly like it in the Hanseatic city. Too many pepper bags, too little culture, so Heine. Nevertheless, he was drawn back to Hamburg several times.
The most important poet of the 19th century was created in 1911 a monument that was erected in 1926 in the city park. Since Heine was of Jewish descent, the Nazis demolished this monument in 1933. The metal was used to make weapons.
In 1982, the monument, originally created by Hugo Lederer, was re-created by Waldemar Otto. Since then it's on the Hamburg Rathausmarkt. Lederer created various sculptures and monuments in Germany and in Hamburg. Among other things, he is the world's largest Bismarck monument in Elb Park.
The Nazis have done various atrocities and outrages, one was the book burning in 1933. A relief on the front of the pedestal, on which the Heine monument stands, reminiscent of the burning. Another relief on the back represents the demolition of the first monument. Metal plates are attached to the sides of the base. The plate on the right side of the monument describes the history of the monument. On the left side is written:
I've never put much emphasis on poetry fame, and whether you praise or blame my songs, I care little, but you should put a sword on my coffin, for I was a brave soldier in the liberation war of humanity.
October 31, 2017
The building looks like a gray defensive fortress on Rathausmarkt 2, right next to the Rathausschleuse. It was completed in 1919 as the Reichsbank branch, today it houses the Bucerius Art Forum.
The building jewelry is worth seeing. So five pithy figures represent fishing, trade, agriculture, seafaring and craft.
On the side of the building on the Old Wall you can admire the portraits of the three German emperors. Two other figures represent the god Mercury and a knight with sword.mopo.de/hamburg/kennen-sie-dieses-gebaeude--die-graue-trutzburg-am-rathausmarkt-32301590
December 5, 2019
Of course, the Rathausmarkt is dominated by the new town hall, so that one easily overlooks this monument in the abundance of impressions.
Heinrich Heine's relationship with Hamburg is based on his wealthy uncle Salomon Heine (1767-1844), successful banker in Hamburg, who supported him until his death, despite the "loose poetry". He also made sure that Heinrich Heine's parents, after the serious illness of his father, first lodged in Lüneburg and later in Hamburg. Salomon Heine is also considered a great benefactor of the city, especially after the great fire of 1842.
Heinrich Heine found in this fragmented Germany no spiritual home, but in Paris. He is buried there too.
Here are the corresponding links to the monument and persona:
February 5, 2018
The first Heine monument in Hamburg, created by Hugo Lederer in 1911, was unveiled in 1926 in Hamburg's Stadtpark. In 1933 it was demolished by the National Socialists, to whom Heine was hated as a Jewish poet and democrat. Later, the monument for metal extraction for the armaments industry was melted down.
Since 1982, a new creation by Waldemar Otto decorates the Rathausmarkt, which stylizes the Lederer monument. On the pedestal two picture panels (half reliefs) are attached as memorials, the front represents the book burning of 1933, the rear the history of the monument fall.
The Heine monument was sung in 1989 by Hannes Wader. ("Monument description" on the album to Hamburg).
May 14, 2018
What is wrong or right can be discussed for a long time. Memorials should remember and are contemporary witnesses. The inscription "for you" was a political concession to right-wing movements before 1933 and one can certainly consider it wrong. I see it that way too, but only in the course of its genesis is it possible to see it in the right light and sees it as a contemporary document.Important for me is the reconstruction of Ernst Barlach's relief and the removal of the eagle from the Nazi era. The memorial should not glorify, but remember. You just have to read the blue board.
January 27, 2018
One of the most famous and most photographed monuments in Hamburg is on the Schleusenbrücke in the immediate vicinity of the Rathausmarkt. It is a markedly simple, 21 meter high monument in the form of a stele with relief and inscription and commemorates the victims of the First and Second World Wars.
November 24, 2020
The Hanseatic city is built on a scale of 1: 750 on the Rathausmarkt in front of the Bucerius Kunstforum. The city relief cast in bronze shows the city center of Hamburg from the town hall to the Michel in great detail. So you get a nice impression of the city, which is also open to visually impaired and blind people who can feel the relief and thus the silhouette of the city. The street names are also added to the model in Braille.
May 19, 2020
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