The Birkenkopf is a 511 m high mountain in the urban area of Stuttgart. It is the highest point in the inner city and rises almost 300 m above the level of the Neckar. It is located south of the urban district of Stuttgart-Botnang and is still part of the urban district of Stuttgart-West.
Between 1953 and 1957, the mountain grew by about 40 meters, as deposited on its hill over 1.5 million cubic meters of debris from the Second World War, which was created during the bombing nights of the so-called "air war." At the summit, there are still many façade remains of destroyed buildings. In the vernacular the mountain is therefore also called Monte Scherbelino. A panel attached to the rubble reminds of its origin with the inscription:
This mountain after the Second World War piled up from the rubble of the city stands as a reminder to the victims in memory of the living.
From the summit, the view extends from the Stuttgart-Süd, which is hidden from Karlshöhe, to the entire inner city and with clear views to the Swabian Alb, the Northern Black Forest and the lowlands. The summit was provided with a cross made of wood since 1953, which was replaced in 2003 by a steel cross. Even today, on summer Sundays, there are morning prayers of the Protestant parish, always at eight in the morning in all weathers and starting on Easter Sunday. The last worship takes place at the beginning of September.
If you walk in on the main path and continue around the whole perimeter, the path behind the rubble will take you out a different, stairway path you may not have noticed on the way in (before and to right of main entrance sign).
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