The old Peterskirche was inaugurated in 326 by Pope Silvester I. The church owes to Emperor Constantine the origin of the original church, which, as relic finds from the persecution of Christians in the 1940s suggested, is very likely to be found on the place where Peter suffered martyrdom in 64 or 67 AD. Old Sankt Peter was a classic five-aisled basilica.
After the exile of the popes in Avignon and after the occidental schism, Old Saint Peter was a dilapidated church. Pope Nicholas V decided in 1452 that it should be rebuilt. The foundation stone for St. Peter's Basilica was laid in 1506. Several popes were built on the site, from Julius II (1503-1513) to Pius VI. (1775-1799). The basilica was inaugurated by Pope Urban VIII in 1626. The original design was by Bramante (died 1514), followed later by Raphael, Fra Gioconda, Giuliano da Sangallo, Baldassare Peruzzi, Antonio da Sangallo and above all Michelangelo. The latter took over construction management in 1547 at the age of 72. Under him, the dome, which was completed before his death in 1564. Other architects were Vignola, Ligorio, della Porta, Fontana and Mderno.
August 12, 2019
The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican (Italian: Basilica Papale di San Pietro in Vaticano), or simply St. Peter's Basilica, is an Italian Renaissance church in Vatican City, the papal enclave within the city of Rome. Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter's is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and the largest churches in the world. Great view from the top, very close to Vatican Museum, and incredibly full of beauty in and outside.
January 27, 2017
Wonderful piligrimage through Seven (and more) Churches to discover Rome and its faith and history (for more info: Congregazione dell'Oratorio oratoriosanfilippo.org/congr/roma.htm). From Chiesa Nuova (St. Filippo Neri's church in the very hearth of Rome) to Santa Maria Maggiore (one of the 4 most important basilica in Rome near Termini Station) through a wonderful all night long walk of almost 25 km for the ancient and famous pilgrimage of the Seven Churches rediscovered by St. Fillippo Neri in the 16th century (total time 12 hrs from 8:00PM to 8:00 AM).
Evaluation: 9 out of 10
January 27, 2017
St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, seat of the Vatican State, was dedicated to Saint Peter (Peter). Simon, nicknamed Petrus (rock), was a fisherman on Lake Genesareth when he - together with his brother Andreas - was called by Jesus Christ to be a "fisherman of men". According to the Catholic understanding he is the highest apostle, and the two millennia long line of popes - currently Francis - are in his successor. On statues and paintings Peter is almost always shown with two keys in his hand, this attribute refers to the Bible verse in Matthew: “I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; what you will bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and what you will loosen on earth will be loosened in heaven ”(Chapter 16, verse 19).
Together with Paul, Peter is also known as the "princes of the apostles", their common feast day in the saints' calendar is on June 29th.
October 2, 2021
In the ZDF media library there is (for a limited period of time) a very informative documentary about St. Peter's Basilica and its architectural history:
December 23, 2021
For many centuries, seven very special churches were a "must" for visitors to Rome or pilgrims. Although the order was not binding, a preferred way emerged. This tradition of the "Seven Churches Pilgrimage" was promoted in particular by Saint Filippo (Philipp) Neri (1515 to 1595).=> San Pietro in Vaticano (St. Peter's / Vatican)
=> San Paolo fuori le Mura (Saint Paul Outside the Walls)
=> San Sebastiano fuori le mura (Saint Sebastian outside the walls)
=> San Giovanni in Laterano (Saint John Lateran)
=> Santa Croce in Gerusalemme (Holy Cross in Jerusalem)
=> San Lorenzo fuori le mura (Saint Lawrence outside the walls)
=> Santa Maria Maggiore (Saint Mary the Great)Anyone who would like to follow this pilgrimage route of the "Seven Church Pilgrimage" in Rome can download a spiritual booklet from the website of the German-speaking pilgrim pastoral care: the-7-churches-pilgrimage/
April 23, 2022
When you are on St. Peter's Square: if you pass it to the left, you will come to the German cemetery, the Campo Santo Teutonico in the Vatican. Completely enclosed by high walls, you will find a true paradise in the small inner courtyard. Countless, mostly ancient grave slabs blend in between lush, fragrant bushes, tall, slender palm trees and many colorful flowers. Admission is free, but you have to go through the check with the Swiss guardsmen.
Note the opening times, it is only open until 12 noon and not every day
August 13, 2020
The Vatican Museums consist of 15 museums and 30 collections. These include, for example, the Egyptian Museum, the Pius Clementino Museum - with some of the famous Roman sculptures, the Vatican Picture Gallery and of course the famous Stanza Raphael and the Sistine Chapel Michelangelo.
You can theoretically spend a whole day here - because there is really much to see in this large building with its long corridors. You could run a total of 7 km! It is also very crowded here. So you really can not get lost here or lose your group / partner - that's what I'm talking from experience;).
You should also first learn something about what you want to see - because it would be a shame if you missed the Laocoon group or Raphael's Transfiguration!
That is why you will find a list of museums and some highlights here.
October 5, 2019
In the know? Log-in to add a tip for other adventurers!