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Lüneburg: Der Kalkberg

Lüneburg: Der Kalkberg

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Created by komoot users
Recommended by 55 out of 57 hikers

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  • Siegfried LG

    The Kalkberg with a height of 56 m is the natural viewpoint in Lüneburg per excellence. 10% remained over, after centuries of mining of gypsum. Also, the castle was disposed of on this way.Today nature reserve, maintained by the BUND in the old gypsum kiln. The two goats are also included. This area wants to be hiked, with its partly old steep stairs.Links for information:
    de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lüneburger_Kalkberg
    kalkberg-lueneburg.de

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    • December 29, 2016

  • JR56

    The Lüneburg Kalkberg has a long and very interesting history: In the Middle Ages, the Hliuniburg, which once gave the city its name, stood here. Built by Hermann von Billung around the year 956, the castle later became the property of the Guelphs. After the Lüneburg line of the Guelphs died out, the so-called Lüneburg War of Succession broke out in 1370. After the occupation by Brunswick Duke Magnus Torquatus, it was finally the Lüneburgers themselves who completely destroyed the castle in February 1371 in order to push the Duke back to his residence in Celle. Today visitors can get an impression of the Hliuniburg on the altar panels in the St. Nicolaikirche. Two loot items, an elaborately crafted door and the oldest surviving folding table from 1330 are exhibited in the town hall and in the Lüneburg Museum.In the same year, on October 21, 1371, Duke Magnus Torquatus and his soldiers overcame the city fortifications in order to bring the rebellious Lüneburgers to reason. But the Lüneburgers could not be duped: They handed the Duke the city key, but only to strike a direct counter blow. While the Duke and his men fought over the wine and beer supplies in Lüneburg, confident of victory, the Lüneburgers armored themselves and recaptured their city at dawn.Strictly speaking, the Kalkberg should actually be called Gipsberg. Finally, the salt dome stored under Lüneburg brought the valuable building material gypsum to light. Until 1878 the people of Lüneburg diligently mined gypsum here, so that the once 80 m high mountain is now only 1/16 of its original circumference and 58 m. the rest of the Lüneburg mountain to the nature reserve and natural monument. A visit to the Kalkberg is still absolutely worthwhile, because from up here you have a wonderful view of the old town of Lüneburg around the St. Michaelis Church.lueneburg.info/kalkberg

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    • October 11, 2020

  • Siegfried LG

    Until February 1371 stood a castle on the Kalkberg, from which the Principality of Lüneburg-Brunswick was governed. As part of the Lüneburg War of Succession the sovereign castle on the Kalkberg was destroyed as well as the nearby Benedictine monastery of St. Michael, which then moved to the city.The obelisk halfway up commemorates the garrison church built in 1663 for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg and demolished in 1783 due to dilapidation.The cannon on the summit is of recent origin and was only fired when convicts had escaped from the neighboring penitentiary.The Lüneburg Building Council Eduard Schlöbcke prevailed that the remainder of the Kalkberg 1932 was one of the first nature reserves in Germany. The former quarry is still recognizable on craggy steep walls. At the bottom of the Kalkberg there is a small wetland biotope with reed beds and swampy areas. The rock walls have only a very sparse vegetation with animals and plants of the dry grass communities. On an area of ​​3.6 hectares settled 180 species of flowering plants, including some heat, light and kalkliebende species that are otherwise native only to southern Central Europe. Some smaller caves are inhabited by bats.Sources:
    de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lüneburger_Kalkberg
    kalkberg-lueneburg.de

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    • September 13, 2017

  • JR56

    The Lüneburg Kalkberg has a long and very interesting history: In the Middle Ages the Hliuniburg stood here, which once gave our city its name.Built by Hermann von Billung around 956, the castle later became the property of the Guelphs. After the Lüneburg line of the Guelphs died out, the so-called Lüneburg War of Succession broke out in 1370. After the occupation by Duke Magnus Torquatus of Braunschweig, it was the Lüneburgers themselves who completely destroyed the castle in February 1371 in order to force the duke back to his residence in Celle. Today visitors get an impression of the Hliuniburg on the altar panels in the St. Nicolaikirche. Two pieces of loot, an elaborately crafted door and the oldest surviving folding table from 1330 are exhibited in the town hall and in the Lüneburg Museum.In the same year, on October 21, 1371, Duke Magnus Torquatus and his soldiers overcame the city fortifications in order to bring the rebellious Lüneburgers to the season. But the people of Lüneburg did not allow themselves to be duped: they gave the Duke the city keys, but only to take a direct counter-strike. While the Duke and his men were confident of winning the wine and beer stocks of Lüneburg, the Lüneburgers got ready and took back their city at dawn.Strictly speaking, the Kalkberg should actually be called Gipsberg. Finally, the salt dome stored under Lüneburg brought out the valuable building material gypsum. The Lüneburgers diligently mined gypsum here until 1878, so that the once 80 m high mountain now only measures 1/16 of its original size and 58 m. the rest of Lüneburg Berg to the nature reserve and natural monument. A visit to the Kalkberg is nevertheless absolutely worthwhile, because from up here you have a wonderful view of the old town of Lüneburg around the St. Michaeliskirche.lueneburg.info/de/kultur/kalkberg

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    • January 17, 2020

  • R🅰️ndn🅾️tiz

    A wonderful natural gem in the middle of the city Lüneburg and popular excursion and leisure destination. Here you can climb and climb wonderfully and enjoy a great view over the city.

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    • April 6, 2019

  • R🅰️ndn🅾️tiz

    A wonderful natural gem in the middle of the city Lüneburg and popular excursion and leisure destination. Here you can climb and climb wonderfully and enjoy a great view over the city.

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    • April 6, 2019

  • Kathrin

    The Kalkberg should actually be called “Gipsberg” - because the salt dome under Lüneburg brought the precious building material gypsum to the surface of the earth. In the Middle Ages the "Hliuniburg" stood here, one of the nucleus of the city. The mountain was later removed to produce gypsum.In 1878, the top of the mountain was protected from further mining. In 1932 the gypsum quarry and the rest of the mountain were declared a nature reserve and natural monument. The mountain was originally about 70m high, making it the highest peak far and wide. By mining the gypsum for abdominal substances, the majority of the limestone was removed over the years. With its height of 58m, the Kalkberg is now only 1/16 of its original size.Today you can enjoy a wonderful view of the old town of Lüneburg from the Kalkberg, which is located in the middle of the city. There are paved circular routes around the Kalkberg, so that the "ascent" is not too difficult.The rugged cliffs and a small lake with swamp zones offer many z. T. Mediterranean animal and plant species a habitat. Halfway up, an obelisk commemorates the garrison church, which was erected in 1663 for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg and demolished in 1783 due to its dilapidation. The cannon on the summit is more recent; it was only fired when prisoners had escaped from the neighboring prison.Swell:
    lustauflueneburg.de/kalkberg
    lueneburger-heide.de/stadt/sehenswuerdigkeit/85/lueneburg-kalkberg.html

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    • June 23, 2020

  • Maik Richter

    From the Kalkberg you have a great view over Lüneburg. There are beautiful paths (with many stairs) for walks around the Kalkberg. The Kalkberg is not far from the city center, a nice place to relax from the hustle and bustle of the city center.Earlier (mid-10th century, until 1371) there was a castle on the Kalkberg, from which the Principality of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was ruled. From 1663 - 1783 there was a garrison church for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg.Gypsum was mined here until 1878, which reduced the formerly 80-meter-high Kalkberg to 58 meters and 1/16 of its former size.

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    • October 12, 2020

  • scaurum

    Yes, it's nice here. I'm just surprised that the city lets the park "run wild". The paths and grounds could certainly be looked after a little better.

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    • August 12, 2020

  • Maik Richter

    The Kalkberg is quite centrally located in Lüneburg and can be reached on foot from the city center in a few minutes. There are many footpaths and stairs around the mountain. From the mountain dome you have a very nice view over the city. The area around the Kalkberg, e.g. the former limestone quarry is well worth seeing.Earlier (mid-10th century, until 1371) there was a castle on the Kalkberg, from which the Principality of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was ruled. From 1663 - 1783 there was a garrison church for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg.Gypsum was mined here until 1878, which reduced the formerly 80-meter-high Kalkberg to 58 meters and 1/16 of its former size.

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    • October 12, 2020

  • Kathrin

    In the word sequence mons / fons / pons (in German: mountain / source / bridge), as residents of the city like to summarize the three nucleus of the Lüneburg settlement, it is not without reason that the mountain comes first. The exposed location of the mountain within a radius of many kilometers made it a point of attraction for people even in the early Stone Age: whether as a refuge, as a place for cult activities or for the extraction of raw materials. At that time, the mountain protruded about 60 m above the surrounding plain (about 80 m above sea level). It was therefore ideal for building and maintaining a fortification that was visible from afar, but not clearly visible.The importance of the mountain is enormous for the development of Lüneburg. For a long time it was not only a supplier of the valuable gypsum (next to the salt, another extremely important source of income for the city) and rare minerals, but there are also fascinating legends about it. From here the city and the surrounding countryside were ruled for many years. The castle complex, which stood on the top of the mountain until 1371, was as big as the castle, castle square and cathedral of the much larger Braunschweig together! This is not surprising when you know that Heinrich the Lion from Welf and Brunswick also spent a lot of time at his castle in Lüneburg. The later Duchy of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was founded precisely at this time.lueneplaner.de/alle-ategories/der-kalkberg

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    • October 23, 2020

  • Kathrin

    There is hardly anything comparable in the whole of the North German Plain. In addition to the Kalkberg in Bad Segeberg and the famous red rock of Heligoland, both of which were lifted above the surface of the earth by salt tectonics, the Lüneburg Kalkberg is unique.In the word sequence mons / fons / pons (in German: mountain / source / bridge), as residents of the city like to summarize the three nucleus of the Lüneburg settlement, it is not without reason that the mountain comes first. The exposed location of the mountain within a radius of many kilometers made it a point of attraction for people even in the early Stone Age: whether as a refuge, as a place for cult activities or for the extraction of raw materials. At that time, the mountain protruded about 60 m above the surrounding plain (about 80 m above sea level). It was therefore ideal for building and maintaining a fortification that was visible from afar, but not clearly visible.The importance of the mountain is enormous for the development of Lüneburg. For a long time it was not only a supplier of the valuable gypsum (next to the salt, another extremely important source of income for the city) and rare minerals, but there are also fascinating legends about it. From here the city and the surrounding countryside were ruled for many years. The castle complex, which stood on the top of the mountain until 1371, was as big as the castle, castle square and cathedral of the much larger Braunschweig together! This is not surprising when you know that Heinrich the Lion from Welf and Brunswick also spent a lot of time at his castle in Lüneburg. The later Duchy of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was founded precisely at this time.lueneplaner.de/alle-ategories/der-kalkberg

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    • October 23, 2020

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Best Hikes to Lüneburg: Der Kalkberg

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Location: Lüneburg Heath, Lower Saxony, Germany

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  • Elevation50 m

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Lüneburg: Der Kalkberg