Artist: Ferdinand Hartzer (1838-1906), BerlinLocation: Hospitalstraße / WöhlerplatzObject: Bronze statue on a Swedish granite pedestal, 1890Cast: Erzbildgiesser Gladebeck, BerlinAfter a Göttingen committee had been formed in 1885 and had to announce a competition in November 1886 for the construction of a monument to the famous chemist Friedrich Wöhler, the monument was unveiled in 1890 in front of the Old Auditorium. Today it stands in the Hospitalstraße, near the historical chemical laboratory, Wöhlers long-term research and activity site. The plaster shows the structural formula of urea.In 2001, extensive remedial measures were carried out with the financial support of the Circle of 82 friends.Friedrich Wöhler (1800-1882) was a naturalist and chemist. Important from today's perspective is the first-time production of aluminum, as well as his work on silicon. Moreover, because of its synthesis of urea from ammonium cyanate, it is considered a pioneer of organic chemistry. This urea synthesis opened the field of biochemistry, because for the first time a substance previously known only from living organisms, namely urea, could be artificially produced from "inanimate" matter, namely ammonium cyanate. From 1836 until his death in 1882, Wöhler researched and taught in Göttingen. In 1857 he was awarded the honorary citizenship of the city of Göttingen.
September 26, 2018
Friedrich Wöhler (1800 to 1882) studied pharmacy and chemistry in Marburg and Heidelberg, where he received his doctorate in 1823. After a research stay in Stockholm and teaching in Berlin and Kassel, he was appointed in 1836 as a successor to Ernst August Strohmeyer on a professorship at the University of Göttingen. Under his leadership, the Göttingen Chemical Laboratory became a research and study institution of international standing. Wöhler discovered the pure Alumninium and dealt among other things with the systematics of the chemical elements. In addition, he is considered the co-founder of organic chemistry: 1828 he succeeded in the synthesis of urea; Together with Justus Liebig he examined bitter almond oil and benzoic acid. Among his significant works include the two-volume "Floor Plan of Chemistry", published together with Liebig "Annals of Chemistry and Pharmacy" and the German version of Berzelius' "Textbook of Chemistry".Source / quote from: uni-goettingen.de
December 12, 2019
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