Bike Touring Highlight
The square was created from 1688 according to plans by Johann Arnold Nering as part of Friedrichstadt, which Elector Friedrich III, later King Friedrich I of Prussia, had laid out at the end of the 17th century. A large part of the French immigrants (Huguenots) settled in this historic quarter, to whom the Great Elector Friedrich Wilhelm von Brandenburg had assured the protection of their religious freedom and full civil rights with the Edict of Potsdam in 1685.
King Friedrich I assigned both the Lutheran and the French-Reformed congregation one spot each on the church building site: in the north for the French Friedrichstadtkirche and in the south for the German Church. Both church buildings were built after 1701, initially without the towers that were added later.
The square got its shape under Frederick II (Frederick the Great) with the two identical domed towers next to the churches. They were built in the years 1780-1785 according to plans by Carl von Gontard. The Piazza del Popolo in Rome is often mentioned as a model for the redesign, but Laurenz Demps doubts this
December 12, 2016
Be sure to plan a city tour "Berlin's historic center/Gendarmenmarkt to Potsdamer Platz" and a visit to the viewing platform of the French Cathedral with a fantastic 360-degree view at dizzy heights at shop.franzoesischer-dom.berlin on Saturdays or Wednesdays.
An insider tip that is really worth it!
August 5, 2021
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