"... Friedrich von Saar Werden (* around 1348 in Saar Werden; † April 9, 1414 in Bonn) was as Friedrich III. Archbishop of Cologne from 1370 to 1414. Friedrich von Saar Werden was elected Archbishop of Cologne at the age of 20, which the Pope in Avignon confirmed two years later after some reservations. Friedrich found the Archdiocese to be completely plundered by his two Brandenburg predecessors, Adolf and Engelbert, and had high himself on the occasion of his election Assured payments to the curia, but with the help of his very wealthy great-uncle Kuno, he managed to discharge the archbishopric within a few years.
Friedrich von Saar Werden supported Emperor Charles IV and was therefore granted privileges by him that supported Friedrich's policy of rule. Right at the beginning of his term of office, he successfully suppressed inheritance conflicts in the rural aristocracy as well as strivings for autonomy in the cities of the archbishopric and thus enforced his sovereign supremacy, which was no longer contested until the end of his reign. However, he was unable to use a conflict within the city of Cologne between the city council and the lay judges over high jurisdiction to renew the position of power in the city that had been lost by his predecessors. The last military dispute involving neighboring princes ended in 1377 with a compromise.
Friedrich was able to expand the territorial existence of the Archbishopric. Even before Friedrich took office, Kuno von Falkenstein acquired the county of Arnsberg as administrator of the archbishopric in 1368. Friedrich was able to secure this acquisition as well as the profit of the state of Linn on the Lower Rhine in three feuds against the two count brothers Adolf and Engelbert von der Mark. His work as a territorial ruler can hardly be overestimated, even if imperial or church political initiatives were pushed into the background.
When Friedrich III. von Saar Werden died in 1414, he left his nephew and successor Dietrich II von Moers a rich and well-ordered archbishopric and territory. ... "
October 27, 2021
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