The plant is called "Grüner Pütz". This is the hall designation of a flood plain in the Urfttal in the district Nettersheim. One finds there one of the source versions of the Roman Eifel aqueduct, with which the ancient Cologne was supplied with fresh (strong kalkhaltigem) drinking water from the Eifel. Source version and channel partially work today again. However, the water does not flow to Cologne, but in the Urft.
August 22, 2018
The Eifel aqueduct - also called Roman Canal or Roman aqueduct to Cologne - was one of the longest aqueducts of the Roman Empire and is considered the longest aqueduct north of the Alps. The plant supplied the former Roman city of Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium, the ancient city of Cologne, with water for public wells, spas and private service connections.
June 10, 2018
The oldest known example of water production in the Eifel is the Roman water pipe from Nettersheim to Cologne.
This 95.4 km long water pipe was one of the longest long water pipes in the Roman Empire.
It was a top achievement in Roman engineering and supplied Roman Cologne with good quality water from the Eifel from the 1st to the 3rd centuries.
Their daily output was up to 20,000 cubic meters. The water emerges from Middle Devonian dolomite and is collected in the so-called Roman spring in the Urft valley north of Nettersheim.
The water pipe to Cologne, also called the "Roman Canal", is mainly made of natural stone (sandstone, limestone, dolomite) and has a cross-section of 80 x 50 cm, the upper part almost always being vaulted. This Roman water pipe was in operation for around 190 years. Then one of the largest institutions of urban infrastructure north of the Alps had had its day.
During the major Franconian attack on the Roman Rhineland in the 2nd half of the 3rd century, the Eifel water pipe was also destroyed. In late antiquity, this grandiose supply facility was not put back into operation by the Romans and was therefore left to decay.
from: "Geological forays" by Wolfgang Spielmann, published by Rhein-Mosel-Verlag
June 11, 2018
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