Schalksmühle

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Recommended by 28 out of 34 road cyclists

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    Schalksmühle (Westphalian Schalksmüehle) is located in the northwest of the Sauerland in North Rhine-Westphalia and is a county municipality of the Märkischer Kreis in the administrative district Arnsberg. In North Rhine-Westphalia, Schalksmühle is the community with the highest share of income millionaires in the resident population (as of 2011) and the highest per capita income in NRW (€ 46,101). The oldest documentary mention of today's hamlet Hülscheid dates from 1308 and can be found in the Liber valoris of the Archdiocese of Cologne. In 1350, the local farmers founded a barony. This included at the time of its largest expansion in addition to the parish Hülscheid and the northwestern part of the parish Lüdenscheid. The free county Hülscheid existed until 1592. In that year it was transferred to the Lüdenscheider Hochgrafen. For the time after 1478 the existence of a Freigerichtes on the spot proved, which had probably already existed much longer. Schalksmühle was first mentioned in documents on May 1, 1407. On the occasion of the donation of an altar to the Breckerfelder church by the Cologne merchant Gerwin of Altenbreckerfeld appears in a document of the Cologne archbishop Friedrich Schalksmollen in parrochia Halvere (Schalksmühle in the parish Halver). It was one of the areas leased by Gerwin. Even after the construction of a paved road through the Volmetal 1845-1847 and the Volmetalbahn until 1873, it was still for some time only a small settlement. It was only gradually that stronger growth and industrialization began due to the improved transport links. 1892 to 1898 was the construction of the neo-Gothic hall church as the center of the village. In 1888 the "Hälvertalbahn" of the Altenaer Kreis was completed, which established a direct connection with Halver. On October 1, 1912, the community was re-formed by outsourcing from the community Halver.

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    • October 4, 2016

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Location: Schalksmühle, Märkischer Kreis, Arnsberg District, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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  • Elevation210 m

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