The monastery rock was probably the Melk fort in Roman times. Since the beginning of the 11th century Melk was a power center of the Babenbergs in the Mark Ostarrichi (Austria). Melk was the preferred burial place of the Babenbergs and since October 13, 1014 the burial place of St. Koloman. Manuscripts in the Melk Abbey Library indicate that under Margrave Leopold I, a community of priests maintained a kind of collegiate monastery on site.
The expansion of the Mark to the north and east resulted in new centers. Melk sank in importance, but remained the burial place of the Babenbergs. In the investiture dispute, Margrave Leopold II granted the Passau bishop Altmann von Passau asylum. This was expelled from Passau because of his loyalty to the Pope. Altmann probably played a major role in Leopold's decision to build a monastery on the rock above the city and the Danube. On March 21, 1089, the Benedictine monks of Lambach Abbey and their abbot Sigibold moved into the newly built monastery on the mountain.
June 14, 2020
Melk Abbey is one of the most beautiful uniform baroque ensembles in Europe. Excitingly designed museum rooms, state halls such as the marble hall and library, an unforgettable view of the Danube valley and the high baroque collegiate church await the visitors.
February 15, 2021
In the know? Log-in to add a tip for other adventurers!