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Canton of Appenzell
The canton of Appenzell was a member of the Old Confederation and was divided into the two half-cantons of Appenzell Innerrhoden and Appenzell Ausserrhoden in 1597 (land division).
The name Appenzell (Latin abbatis cella) means "cell (i.e. estate) of the abbot". This refers to the Prince Abbey of St. Gallen, which exerted great influence on the area. In 1411 Appenzell became a affiliated place and in 1513 a full member of the Confederation. The denominational conflicts during the Counter-Reformation led to the canton being divided into Catholic Inner Rhodes and Reformed Outer Rhodes in 1597.
In the 7th and 8th centuries, the Alemannic settlement of the Appenzellerland began along the Glatt. The oldest Appenzell settlement is Schwänberg near Herisau. The Prince Abbey of St. Gallen was of great importance in the spiritual and cultural sphere. In the year 907, the abbot and bishop Solomon created the Kirchhöri Herisau in the monastery of St. Gallen. The first mention of a church in Herisau can be found at this time. In 1071 a new breach occurred in the valley basin and a church was donated. The name Appenzell is first mentioned as abbatis cella.
In the course of the Appenzell Wars, the Battle of Vögelinsegg took place in 1403 and the Battle of Stoss in 1405. The trigger was a tough tax regime by the St. Gallen Abbot Kuno and his bailiff Clanx zu Appenzell, whose castle the Appenzell farmers had subsequently destroyed out of anger. In 1411, as a result of these events, Appenzell became one of the eight old Swiss towns. In 1513, Appenzell was included as the 13th place in the Confederation.
During the Reformation, there was a dispute between the two denominational camps of the Reformed outer Rhodes and the Catholic inner Rhodes. Due to the conflict about the canton's accession to alliances of Catholic places with the Borromean League and Spain (the supremacy of Catholicism at the time), Appenzell was divided in 1597 with the land division into Catholic Inner Rhodes and Reformed Outer Rhodes.
de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kanton_Appenzell#:~:text=The%20name%20Appenzell%20%28Latin%20abbatis%20cella%29%20means%20%C2%AB cell, facing%20place%20and%201513 %20a%20full member%20of the%20confederation.
August 4, 2022
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