The Lower City Gate, also known as the “Lower Gate” or the “Bullet Gate”, is probably the oldest preserved gate in the city; According to Steven R. Fischer, it is said to have been built around 1250 during the first walling of Meersburg, although it is mentioned in writing for the first time in 1325. While the Lower City Gate has remained essentially unchanged to this day, its "counterpart", the "Rear Seetor ”, which formed the eastern end of the lower town, was demolished in 1852. - The city fortifications, the most prominent parts of which were the city gates, not only served the safety of the residents in the Middle Ages; it also marked a legal district that separated the city from the surrounding area. City walls, city gates, plus market rights, these were decisive criteria that defined a city in the Middle Ages. Meersburg was granted market rights as early as 1233; the town charter was granted to the "totality of the citizens" of Meersburg (so the wording of the document) in 1299, under the reign of the energetic bishop Heinrich von Klingenberg (r. 1293-1306).
October 11, 2020
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