Bike Touring Highlight
The synagogue Großkrotzenburg was inaugurated in July 1826 and became in the decades after the center of the religious life of the Jewish community.
In 1933, at the beginning of the Nazi regime in Germany, the Jewish community in Großkrotzenburg consisted of about one hundred people. In the following years, a part of the church members emigrated due to exclusion, the economic boycott, increasing deprivation of rights and reprisals.
At the November pogrom of 1938, the synagogue was defiled and completely devastated. On the afternoon of November 10, 1938, several dozen people invaded the synagogue, destroying the interior with axes and throwing torah scrolls, prayer books, and smashed furnishings into the courtyard. The adjacent to the synagogue Jewish school with the teacher's apartment were also destroyed and looted. Many of the 30 apartments of Jewish families were attacked and devastated, and people were humiliated and ill-treated. Most of the Jews who were born there in Großkrotzenburg or lived there for a long time were killed during the National Socialist era.On the forecourt of the building, a monument designed by the artist Dina Kunze commemorates the history of the synagogue and commemorates the members of the Jewish community who were maltreated, persecuted and murdered under the Nazi regime. Inside the former synagogue there is also a memorial plaque bearing the names of the murdered Jews from Grosskrotzenburg.
October 21, 2018
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