At the end of the 13th century, the Counts of Berg secured the trade route that led from Lübeck via Hamburg, Bremen, Osnabrück, Münster and Dortmund to Cologne, a castle that served as a border fortress. Previously, since 1182, the fortified courtyard stone house was occupied in their possession, which apparently also had served the border security and now lost this function with the construction of the new castle. The Counts left the court in 1298 the Order of the Holy Cross, whose members were first cross brothers and since the mid-15th century cross lords called. In 1302 they supplemented this donation by the granting of a ridge, which extended east of the new castle. Apparently, the court and a chapel belonging to the cross brethren served as the site of their monastic life, because only from 1485 is the construction of a monastery on the ridge in the east of the castle witnessed. 1497, apparently after the completion of the residential and farm buildings, also the monastery church was tackled, whose establishment went on until the early 16th century. It was dedicated to the patronal feast of St. Mary Magdalene. Around 1700, the residential buildings were partially renovated. After the abolition of the monastery as a result of secularization in 1803 was a partial demolition, survived the church, the east wing of the monastery and six yokes of the southern cloister wing.
January 26, 2018
The monastery church was built in 1497 for the stone house monastery. For centuries, in addition to the monastery church, there was also a small Catholic town church for the city dwellers. As part of the Prussian secularization, the monastery was closed and the monastery church is now open to all city dwellers.
The church in Beyenburg is also the last destination of the Westphalian Way of St. James. Here all pilgrims get their last stamp.
January 25, 2018
The history of the village goes back to the foundation of the monastery to the stone house. First documented mention from the year 1298: Konrad von Berg, former cathedral priest and archdeacon in Cologne, transfers the chapel to the stone house to the local cross-brides, whom his deceased brother Count Adolf had already donated to the chapel.
The cross brothers led their monastic life here, performed the choir prayer and looked after the inhabitants of the surrounding courtyards.
As the Hansa Street leading past the chapel "and the evil customs of the passer-bys could not bear the prayer and the divine service", in 1302 Count Wilhelm donated the "mountain Beyenburg" to the monastery. On this ridge surrounded by the Wupper, the cross brothers built their monastery and a monastery church.In the 15th century the monastery was in full bloom. Then with the Reformation a hard time broke out over the monastery and the parish of St. Mary Magdalene. In contrast to the neighboring communities remained true to the Catholic faith.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, the 30-year and 7-year wars brought misery and hardship across the country, and in 1615, 1678 and 1735, the monastery and church were struck by conflagration. After the fire of 1678, the monastery church received its magnificent baroque interior, the focal point of which is the altar painting from the Rubens School. In 1804, the Order's branch was abolished by the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss. The monastery church was elevated to the parish church of Beyenburg. After that came a big emergency. The monastery was largely demolished. In 1818, the church was threatened with collapse and was later restored.From May 1, 1907 to 1968, the Augustinians maintained a nursing home for the elderly; at times it served as a maternity ward.
In 1963, Cardinal Frings returned the parish to the Order of the Cross. Since that time, the church and monastery building have been restored and expanded as a parish hall, the monastery courtyard redesigned.de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klosterkirche_Sankt_Maria_Magdalena
August 1, 2018
An old monastery surrounded by half-timbered houses, a quiet lake and sparse deciduous forests on the hills - who comes to Beyenburg in the east Wuppertal, the city is suddenly quite far away.The small town with its winding streets between forests and fields in a loop of the Wupper. Its romantic silhouette with the monastery church is reflected in the calm waters of the reservoir. The imposing yet graceful Church of St. Mary Magdalene, the "Beyenburg Cathedral", is one of the finest examples of Late Gothic architecture in the region. It was built in the 14th century together with the monastery stone house on the Beyenberg. The atmospheric Klosterhof leaves hardly any idea how changeable the history was - with devastating fires, but also times when monastic life flourished. The lush baroque high altar and the organ (1693) still bear witness to its heyday.
Since the Middle Ages Beyenburg was an important roadside station: The place was right in the middle between Cologne and Dortmund, one day's journey away from both cities, right on an old military route and a trade route, which continued to Magdeburg and into the Baltic Sea area. The hospitality industry flourished. Pilgrims on the Way of St. James found safe shelter in the Steinhaus monastery.
At the end of the 18th century, Beyenburg lost its importance: The path was neglected and bumpy, travelers now preferred to use more comfortable alternative routes, which had arisen on the Rhine and Ruhr.
Whoever crosses the Wupper via the small bridge on the Beyenburg ford and walks along the Beyenburg reservoir will be rewarded with a wonderful view of the village, monastery and church on the Beyenberg.
May 20, 2019
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