Kempten (Allgäu) (Swabian Kempte) is a county-level city with over 70,000 inhabitants in the Allgäu in the Bavarian administrative district of Swabia. It is the upper, school, administrative and commercial center of the surrounding economic, holiday and planning region Allgäu with about 470,000 inhabitants. Kempten is after Augsburg, the second largest city in the administrative district and is considered one of the oldest cities in Germany, since it was already mentioned in antiquity in a written document.
The cityscape is characterized by the centuries-long juxtaposition of two urban centers: on the one hand, the so-called abbey city of the abbey Kempten, on the other hand, the imperial city of Kempten. The still recognizable contrasting ground plan and elevation structure makes Kempten a double city.
Kempten University of Applied Sciences has been located in Kempten since 1977, and has enrolled nearly 6,000 students. It is one of the largest universities of applied sciences in Bavaria.
The Mittelstadt is located in the border region to the Austrian provinces of Tyrol and Vorarlberg and is a member of the Euregio via salina and the Euregio Bodensee. Due to its central location and its size, it is sometimes referred to as the capital of the Allgäu.
Kempten is one of the oldest cities in Germany along with Speyer, Worms, Trier, Cologne and Augsburg. The history of Kempten reaches at least until the time of the Roman conquest of the Alpine foothills around 15 BC. Back. In the 18 n. Chr. Written fourth book of the geographer Strabon the Celtic Polis Kambodounon is attested for the first time in writing. However, there is a lack of secure archaeological evidence for a larger settlement from pre-Roman times. On the other hand, the existence of the Roman city of Cambodunum has been confirmed for about the time of the said Roman conquest of the Alpine foothills by Drusus and Tiberius. Probably Cambodunum was the capital of the province Rätien in the first and second century before the newly founded Augsburg took over this function.
The heyday of the city was the 2nd century. In the 3rd century, Kempten became a Roman border town due to the relocation of the Danube-Iller-Rhine-Limes. On and at the hill today called Burghalde in the river valley a walled late Roman fort settlement developed; It was called Cambidanum and stretched north from the keep to the top of the hill where the St. Mang Church stands today.
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