In the 1820s, so-called Heimatfreunde brought the Fliehburg into the consciousness of a wider public for the first time. The excavation was undertaken in 1907/08 under the direction of Friedrich Sprater of the Historical Museum of the Palatinate (Speyer). Sprater still believed that it was a settlement from the Celtic period, as evidenced by the first part of the name, which classifies the Celts as heathens. The complex was marked by the Ritterstein 260 at the beginning of the 20th century.
Recent research has shown that the plant is more than a thousand years younger. The second part of the name comes from the depressions that the collapsed buildings had left in the forest floor. According to current knowledge, it is not certain that the facility has ever been used in accordance with its purpose; at least it is believed that the heathen holes were never permanently inhabited. Although the building remains on a pronounced interior development, but it lacks both regularly operated fireplaces and landfills.
February 26, 2018
The potholes lie on the 347 m high Martensberg. They are surrounded by a rampart. Inside the wall you will find the remains of many dwellings. Presumably, this plant is the remains of a refuge from the inhabitants of the Rhine plain to flee from the predatory Normans and Huns. It was probably built in the 9th-10th. Century.
November 11, 2018
Weir systems were erected in the Palatinate before AD 900. They should serve the population with household goods and cattle as a refuge or refuge in the event of an impending danger. They were mainly located on the edge of the mountains and encompassed a larger area with a rampart and ditch. The construction was carried out at the instigation of the Carolingian or Ottonian kings, since there was a threat to the Rhine plain by Norman looting in the 9th century and Hungarian advances in the 10th century. Despite the advance of the Normans and Hungarians, excavations show that the refuges were not used at all or were only inhabited for a short time.
Source: DallAgnol, D. The medieval hilltop castles in the Palatinate Forest nature reserve.
May 25, 2020
The Heidenlöcher near Deidesheim: About 2.5 km northwest of Deidesheim are the so-called Heidenlöcher on the summit of the Kirchberg or Martenberg. They were built in the 9th and 10th centuries as a refuge to protect against the raids of the Normans or Hungarians. A 450 m long dry wall, interrupted by two gates, moves around an area on which the foundations of 65 houses of different sizes were found.
January 6, 2020
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