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Rauher Kulm

Rauher Kulm

Hiking Highlight

Recommended by 266 out of 272 hikers

This Highlight is in a protected area

Please check local regulations for: Naturpark Nördlicher Oberpfälzer Wald

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  • Timber

    In historical terms, the Rauhe Kulm is significant. It is the natural center of the Flednitz, the Slavic or naabwendischen settlement. Just below the basalt field, the cone is surrounded by a ring wall. This is preserved only in remnants after major parts of the wall were destroyed by the basal mining in the late 19th century. Archaeological excavations in the years 2004 to 2007 showed that the wall was originally piled up as a wall. The mountain was already around 500 BC during the Celtic period. Colonized so long before the arrival of the Slavs. A pole slot wall could belong to this time. Even in the early Middle Ages, when Slavs inhabited the region around the mountain, the height was fixed. The sequence of ramparts and walls is difficult to determine today, since from the 8th century a huge castle complex was built, which also included stones of earlier ramparts. During the invasions of Hungary in the 10th century, the ramparts were apparently reinforced. A particularly striking find is a small missionary cross of the early Middle Ages (8th to 10th centuries), which could be attached to a string by means of an eyelet. The later built Höhenburg was demolished and destroyed at the same time as the small Kulm.

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    • May 23, 2019

  • 682m basalt rock. With a tower of altogether 900 m height. The panoramic view is well described in the tower. Costs 1 euro entry

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    • January 28, 2017

  • Hiking boots are already attached. It's just a real volcano with rocky paths.

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    • January 28, 2017

  • The landmark that can be seen from afar

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    • December 31, 2018

  • The Rough Kulm is a volcano that never broke out. Deep cracks in the earth's crust, which developed in connection with the unfolding of the Alps, made its emergence possible. The dark magma does not come from the earth's crust, but from the upper zone of the mantle from about 50 kilometers deep. On the way up the magma froze before it reached the surface of the earth. After the surrounding rock layers, which mainly consisted of Keuper, were eroded, the exposed basalt columns broke into a debris field around the summit. The Rough Kulm is about 21 million years old. Its present form resembles that of a stratovolcano. The mountain is 682 m high and offers from its 25 meter high observation tower an impressive panoramic view of the Fichtelgebirge, the Franconian Alb and the northern Upper Palatinate. The mountain is one of Bavaria's most impressive basalt mountains. It has geological, nature conservation, historical and tourist significance. At the western foot of the Rauhen Kulms is the small town of Neustadt am Kulm, at the edge of which the rock formation Kleiner Kulm rises to 563 m above sea level. NHN rises. From the summit it is about the same distance to the 511 m above sea level. NHN high Kühhübel in the east. The Rauhe Kulm has been protected as a natural monument since 1949 and is part of the Northern Oberpfälzer Wald Nature Park. The observation tower was rebuilt at the end of the 80s, after the old one was destroyed by arson

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    • May 23, 2019

  • The never erupted volcano attracts again and again

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    • December 31, 2018

  • Almost at the top of the Rauhen Kulm there is another observation bench before you can climb the tower. But a short stay on this bench is rewarded with a wonderful view of Neustadt and the Kleine Kulm - both highlights of the HINTERINDIEN.DE tour No. 55

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    • December 27, 2019

  • The current tower on the Rauhen Kulm is the 5th observation tower.Nicolaus Apel built a wooden observation tower as early as 1807. There was a movable gold-plated sun above a hall, which is why the tower was also called the Sun Temple. Apple's tower existed until 1895 when the dilapidated structure was replaced by a new tower.This second tower was replaced in 1937 by a third tower 6 meters higher. Due to the weather, this platform had to be replaced by a new one in 1962; henceforth a 25 meter high steel construction with larch wood cladding was enthroned over the town of Neustadt am Kulm.On June 30, 1984, this fourth tower burned down within half an hour after being set on fire; the perpetrator has not yet been identified. In the following years, a fifth tower was built, which is still standing today.
    Source: de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rauher_Kulm_(Oberpfalz)

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    • December 3, 2020

  • A nice place to enjoy the nature even more beautiful would be nice weather so you could see everything 😉

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    • January 27, 2019

  • When you have climbed the 110 steps of the observation tower, there is a great view from above of the Parkstein (the neighboring basalt rock), the Upper Palatinate Forest and the Fichtel Mountains with the ox head and the snow mountain.

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    • May 31, 2020

  • The rock cellars are unfortunately overlooked

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    • December 31, 2018

  • The Rough Kulm is a volcano that never broke out. Deep cracks in the earth's crust, which developed in connection with the unfolding of the Alps, made its emergence possible. The dark magma does not come from the earth's crust, but from the upper zone of the mantle from about 50 kilometers deep. On the way up the magma froze before it reached the surface of the earth. After the surrounding rock layers, which mainly consisted of Keuper, were eroded, the exposed basalt columns broke into a debris field around the summit. The Rough Kulm is about 21 million years old. Its present form resembles that of a stratovolcano. The mountain is 682 m high and offers from its 25 meter high observation tower an impressive panoramic view of the Fichtelgebirge, the Franconian Alb and the northern Upper Palatinate. The mountain is one of Bavaria's most impressive basalt mountains. It has geological, nature conservation, historical and tourist significance. At the western foot of the Rauhen Kulms is the small town of Neustadt am Kulm, at the edge of which the rock formation Kleiner Kulm rises to 563 m above sea level. NHN rises. From the summit it is about the same distance to the 511 m above sea level. NHN high Kühhübel in the east. The Rauhe Kulm has been protected as a natural monument since 1949 and is part of the Northern Oberpfälzer Wald Nature Park. The observation tower was rebuilt at the end of the 80s, after the old one was destroyed by arson

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    • May 23, 2019

  • The Rough Kulm is a volcano that never broke out. Deep cracks in the earth's crust, which developed in connection with the unfolding of the Alps, made its emergence possible. The dark magma does not come from the earth's crust, but from the upper zone of the mantle from about 50 kilometers deep. On the way up the magma froze before it reached the surface of the earth. After the surrounding rock layers, which mainly consisted of Keuper, were eroded, the exposed basalt columns broke into a debris field around the summit. The Rough Kulm is about 21 million years old. Its present form resembles that of a stratovolcano. The mountain is 682 m high and offers from its 25 meter high observation tower an impressive panoramic view of the Fichtelgebirge, the Franconian Alb and the northern Upper Palatinate. The mountain is one of Bavaria's most impressive basalt mountains. It has geological, nature conservation, historical and tourist significance. At the western foot of the Rauhen Kulms is the small town of Neustadt am Kulm, at the edge of which the rock formation Kleiner Kulm rises to 563 m above sea level. NHN rises. From the summit it is about the same distance to the 511 m above sea level. NHN high Kühhübel in the east. The Rauhe Kulm has been protected as a natural monument since 1949 and is part of the Northern Oberpfälzer Wald Nature Park. The observation tower was rebuilt at the end of the 80s, after the old one was destroyed by arson

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    • May 23, 2019

  • 1 € for adults, 0,50 € for children

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    • August 23, 2015

  • A beautiful landmark in nature. If you want to hike here should wear suitable hiking boots.

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    • January 27, 2019

  • Once you have made the ascent you will be rewarded with a beautiful panorama.

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    • January 27, 2019

  • In summer you have to pay something for the ascent in the tower. It's worth it though.

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    • January 27, 2019

  • Massive steel tower with wood paneling. Absolutely child and dog safe. Unproblematic rise.

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    • June 2, 2019

  • Beautiful view! Not at the top of the tower, you can still look for miles and enjoy the view

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    • June 17, 2020

  • Great view, nice hike

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    • June 25, 2020

  • The Robber Kulm is a 682 m high mountain made of basalt rock near Neustadt am Kulm. It is a volcano that never erupted. It is around 21 million years old. It is one of the most imposing basalt mountains in Bavaria. From the observation tower you have a beautiful all-round view.

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    • August 26, 2020

  • Very impressive basalt cone with perfect views in all directions.

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    • October 4, 2020

  • Our Upper Palatinate nature and landscape are indescribably beautiful

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    • March 8, 2021

  • A really great highlight

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    • May 18, 2021


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Best Hikes to Rauher Kulm

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Our Tour recommendations are based on thousands of activities completed by other people on komoot.

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Location: Neustadt am Kulm, Neustadt an der Waldnaab, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany

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