In 1827, a 60 acres (15 hectares) comprehensive estate was created in Marienborn. These included a forest house ("Schweizerhaus"), a huge oak with spiral staircase and viewing platform, two ponds with fountain and bridge and a waterfall. Among the built-in stones of the waterfall, which is still visible, there are a number of tuber quartzite, which could come from cleared Großsteingrrabern. Even a grave plate of the monastery was installed in the waterfall. The rock cellar (called Räuberhöhle) was also included in the design of the estate: at the entrance stood a garden house, on the edge were several blocks of stone, including a peel stone, which was probably relocated here in the course of park design here.
Written traditions about the origin and use of the Felsenkeller are missing. The valley with the irregularly worked rock face is a medieval / early modern quarry; The broken sandstone was probably used to build the monastery. After the decommissioning probably at the beginning of the 19th century on the sole in the upcoming sandstone a corridor with an approximately 20 square meters and 2.75 meters high vaulted room was beaten, which probably served as an ice cellar. Excavations in 1934 in front of the cave did not reveal any archeological findings or findings.
According to the story, robber captain Rose, alias Carl Wallmann, is said to have used to spend the night with his lover among his raids admired by the poor. True to his motto "I'll take the rich man, I'll give it to the poor", he became a folk hero and eponym for the rock cellar.
October 3, 2018
As a rule, wells or peel stones are more or less large natural boulders, on the surface of which people with different tools usually put trough-shaped depressions. Origin, period of use and purpose are difficult to determine. Occasionally, cups are found on the cover plates of Neolithic megalithic tombs; Mostly they were probably created during the Bronze Age. The interpretations range from the cult of the dead, sacrifices and fertility rites to the representation of constellations and fire drillings. The Marienborner Schälchenstein from tuber quartzite was found on the edge of the quarry pit just in front of the robber's cave. On the flat side of the stone are numerous round recesses. Several of these bowls are surrounded by circular grooves, creating a "certain image effect". The stone, which is today in the depot of the State Office of Preservation and Archeology in Halle (Saale), shows traces of repeated processing - it was thus over a longer period in use. In 2014 volunteer soil preservationists and committed citizens released the nearly buried robber cave.
October 3, 2018
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