Bike Touring Highlight
A former detention center of the Ministry of State Security. The Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial is located in a place that, unlike any other in Germany, is linked to the 44-year history of political persecution in the Soviet Occupied Zone (SBZ) and the GDR.
Distance to the bike path: 10 km
Since April 2001, the memorial has been open daily. On weekends and public holidays guided tours are offered every hour between 10 and 16 o'clock.
August 30, 2016
Here is the site of the former central remand center of the Ministry of State Security (MfS) of the GDR, which was formerly surrounded by a military restricted area. Critics of the SED such as the dissident Rudolf Bahro or the civil rights activist Bärbel Bohley were imprisoned here. In the maps of East Berlin, the area was marked as empty space. In October 1990, the prison was closed. In 1992 it was listed as a historical monument and declared a memorial in 1994.The historic prison complex can be visited with contemporary witnesses and historians as part of two-hour guided tours, a registration is required. The daily open permanent exhibition documents with free admission the experiences of the prisoners as well as the working and living environment of the prison staff. Changing special exhibitions are devoted to GDR history and topics of political persecution.
October 28, 2019
The Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial is located on the site of the former central detention center of the Ministry for State Security of the GDR in the Berlin district of Lichtenberg. The original prison of the Soviet NKVD, established in 1945, became the central detention center of the Soviet secret police in 1946. In 1951 it was finally handed over to the GDR, which used it as the "Central State Security Detention Center" until 1989. It was closed in 1990 as part of the reunification of Germany. In the detention center, mainly political prisoners, including almost all well-known GDR opposition figures, were arrested and physically and psychologically tortured.  The prison was not listed on the city maps at that time,  in 1992 the prison buildings were placed under monument protection.  The memorial opened on the prison grounds in 1994 and has been a Berlin foundation under public law since 2000. The memorial is a member of the Platform of European Memory and Conscience.The task of the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial is laid down in the law establishing the Berlin-Hohenschönhausen Memorial Foundation.  Accordingly, the memorial is to research the history of the Hohenschönhausen prison from 1945 to 1989 and provide information about it through exhibitions, events and publications in order to encourage discussion of the forms and consequences of political persecution and oppression in the communist dictatorship. The example of the prison in Hohenschönhausen is intended to provide information about the political judiciary in the GDR.
July 12, 2020
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