Death marches were one of the particularly absurd phenomena of the last days of World War II. Almost as if one still had not destroyed enough human life, but mainly as a bargaining chip, the NSDAP's protection squadron (SS, especially the skull and crossbones) led the inmates of concentration camps to freedom on so-called death marches away from their torture sites. Most of the time people were forced to move forward in the most brutal way, so that many died or were shot during the marches. The uncertainty about one's own fate so shortly before the saving liberation made these death marches, which took place all over Germany, even worse. In the case of the Dachau concentration camp, the National Socialists' plan was to bring the prisoners to Tyrol in order to exchange people for consideration in the so-called "Alpine fortress".
A memorial was erected near Blutenburg Castle to commemorate this kidnapping of the prisoners, showing thirteen people on their way to the southeast. These are not particularly well worked out, so that it becomes clear that they are intended to represent the column. The inscription explains:
Here in the last days of the war in April 1945, the ordeal of the prisoners from the Dachau concentration camp led past into the unknown.
A total of 23 of these monuments were created, all of which are identical. They are located in and around Munich and in the Yad Vashem memorial in Jerusalem.Source: muenchen.im-bild.org/fotos/gedenksteine-staetten/todesmarsch-blutenburg
March 11, 2021
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