Mountain Biking Highlight
In the eastern area of Tönsberg are remnants of a fortification from the Germanic period. It is a Wall Castle from the Latène period, which is considered one of the best preserved fortifications in Lippe. The mighty Ringwallanlage is also known as the Saxon camp and was built in the fourth century BC. In the early Middle Ages, it provided protection and refuge for people from the area in attacks of enemy hordes. The height of the Tönsberg allowed a good overview of the surrounding land and ensured control over the neighboring passes over the trade routes to Münster, Paderborn, Lemgo and Hameln led. Here is especially the south-east slope Wistenhauser gorge to call, led by an important trade route. The drinking water supply was secured by the Sachsenquelle.
A secure drinking water supply was of great importance for the selection of settlements and fortifications. In the area of the eastern Tönsberg the Saxon spring lying on the upper slope fulfilled this criterion. Investigations indicate that the location of the spring has been relocated to the secure area of the ramparts. A masonry rectangular catch basin ensured even in rainy periods for a sufficient amount of water. Oerlinghauser citizens opened in 1897 in search of water, a former source house. The source received clay pipes and then served to provide drinking water for the surrounding farms. Inundated sand and tree roots made the line repeatedly useless, so the water supply over the source of Saxony was discontinued after the Second World War.
The Biological Station Lippe was commissioned in 2007 to renaturate the source of Saxony. During the archaeological excavations by employees of the Lippisches Landesmuseum, a system of collecting pipes, shafts and overflows was uncovered. In the course of the renaturation, the remains of earlier construction measures were removed by hand and a natural source exit was restored. An existing Wassertretbecken Tönsbergrundweg is preserved and is fed by a second source.
May 9, 2017
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