Bike Touring Highlight
The area around the vineyard is mentioned for the first time in 1224; Below the vineyard stood the village Weingarten, which was destroyed in 1385 by soldiers of the Archbishop of Mainz. Until the 17th century, the vineyard served as a wine-growing region and as a fortress wall of the city. After the demolition of the fortifications 1765 I began the reclamation, they laid out two terraces and built a park whose remains formed the basis of today's princely garden.Parts of the former wine-growing area were settled when the Huguenots came to Kassel, the Oberneustadt originated. The vineyard hill itself was left as undeveloped area.
In 1825, the first rock cellars were created here by the brewer Ostheim. The rock cellars got their name from the caves created for the beer storage in the shell limestone of the vineyard. There were several restaurants, which were popular because of their idyllic location and views; so Goethe also raved about the rock cellar on the vineyard. The winding paths and paths were considered to be particularly idyllic up the vineyard: Lizard Trail and Schlangenweg still bear the earlier names.In 1867, the Kassel manufacturer Oskar Henschel first bought the Schaner's garden to the east. On the grounds of the Berlin villa architect Richard Lucae he built a strictly classicist villa with a side tower and a double-flighted staircase with a fountain in the Renaissance style. In 1871, the Henschel family moved into the villa and gradually began to buy up the remaining land. In 1887, the Peilertsche Garten was bought south below the villa and a garden was created, designed by the Kassel architect Julius Eubell.
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