The Waldheide is a 50-acre clearing in the Heilbronn city forest. The site was set up in 1883 as a parade ground and occupied from 1951 by the US armed forces, which expanded the forest heath from 1974 to a base for nuclear-equipped medium-range missiles of the type Pershing IA. The NATO double decree Pershing IA were replaced in 1984 by missiles of the type Pershing II.
In 1985, on the also called Fort Redleg said facility due to the explosion of a rocket stage an accident with three fatalities. This incident provided the impetus for a public debate in the Federal Republic of Germany on the dangers of the Pershing system and gave the peace movement a great boost.
As a result of the 1987 INF Treaty, the US Army withdrew until 1991. The area was renatured until 1997 and today is a recreational area for the Heilbronn population.
The Waldheide is located on the eaves of the Heilbronner mountains on the reed sandstone banks of the Keuperstufe. Since the reed sandstone is relatively resistant to weathering, it formed a level. On the lime-free, nutrient-poor weathering soil emerged after deforestation an exceptional heath landscape.
In 1994, a 4.5-acre area in the north, which had remained unsealed during US Army usage, retaining the original soil structure, was designated as an Areal Natural Monument. To keep the landscape open, this area is grazed by sheep three to four times a year.
Installation with map and timetable at the car park Bei den drei Linden (Oct. 2012)
May 15, 2018
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