As a tree in the middle of the world the highest point of the Gusterberg is called southeast of Kremsmünster (Upper Austria). The 488 m high mountain offers a wide view from the Alps to Berchtesgaden and the Bohemian border. He was therefore chosen in 1817 as a fundamental point of the Upper Austrian Land Surveying. The tree itself was a centuries-old, huge linden tree, which had to be felled in 1929 because of a lightning strike. As a precaution, in 1916 a new linden had been planted nearby, which now has a circumference of almost 3 meters.
The name referred to this widely visible tree and is now used for the since 1911 there existing inn.
For the exact measurement and mapping of Austria-Hungary, the military geographic institute established in 1817 five coordinate systems with clearly visible or culturally significant survey points as their respective zero points. For Lower Austria and West Hungary this was the South Tower of the Viennese Stefansdoms, for Upper Austria and Salzburg the Gusterberg. He met both criteria, because the nearby Benedictine Abbey Kremsmünster was (and is) the cultural center of the Traunviertel. Also offered the observatory of the convent, the Mathematical Tower, ideal conditions for the required astro-geodetic work.For use as a fundamental point, accurate latitude and azimuth measurement was performed in 1817. The astronomical latitude resulted with 48 ° 02 '18.47 ", as the azimuth (about 187 °) that was chosen to the Great Priel, which is the highest mountain of the Dead Mountains with 2,515 m .. The geographical longitude, however, was determined by the Stiftsobservator the observatory Kremsmünster and At the time, it was not possible to measure them directly on the spot, because only telegraphy (and today the time signal radio) made this possible.
(Source Wikipedia de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baum_mitten_in_der_Welt)
January 22, 2017
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