It is not very big, but all the more historical - the Stortorget, Stockholm's former marketplace in the colorful Gamla Stan. Even without knowledge of the events that took place here long ago, you can feel that this place is something special. The beautiful facades and gables of the buildings on the west side of the Stortorget, plus the cozy cafés on the ground floor of the houses suggest an idyllic past of the square. But appearance is deceptive. What today probably represents the most frequently photographed city motif was, towards the end of the year 1520, the scene of a gruesome bloody act. When the Danish King Christian "Tyrant" II ordered the execution of more than 80 members of the upscale society in Stockholm, the condemned in this place literally got a head shorter. The legendary Stockholm bloodbath stained the bottom of the Stortorget blood red and brought the king only a few years of "success". By the way, it can not be a coincidence that in the house Stortorget 20 exactly 82 white stones were let in.An equally dominant and important building is the former Stock Exchange, which was built towards the end of the 18th century by King Gustav III. was inaugurated. For many years, both the Stock Exchange and the Swedish Academy were located under the roof of this building. Since 2001, the Nobel Museum is housed in this house, which is quite interesting, but with its promising name promises more than can hold the exhibits displayed therein. Worth seeing is the house wall corner Prästgatan / Kakbrinken. In the 11th century, a rune stone was walled into this wall, but its function can not be reconstructed. All in all, the Stortorget is a picturesque jewel of the Swedish metropolis, from whose medieval charm one should be easily enchanted.
Even in the early Middle Ages, the people of Stockholm used this place as a market, even the pillory stood on it at that time. 1520 took place here the so-called Stockholm blood bath. The Danish King Kristian II, who wanted to force Sweden under his crown, was executed on the square 94 political opponents. The beautiful merchant houses on the square have a medieval character, but were rebuilt several times. Its red-yellow stone facades date back to the 17th century and in 1625 replaced the original wooden houses after a fire. Many still have medieval vaulted cellars that now house cafes and restaurants. In the house of the stock exchange (1778) meets regularly the Swedish academy, which appoints the Nobel laureate of literature.
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