Hidden in the green of the Elzbachtal, the walls of Burg Eltz tower. The German model castle, which was never destroyed and graced the 500-Mark-Schein for many years, corresponds to the romantic idea of a medieval castle, but is not necessarily typical in its architectural history.
Castle Eltz was divided in 1268 - to avoid an inheritance dispute - under three descendants and continued from now on as Ganerbenburg as a community heritage. Each line built over the centuries in the narrow castle area their own property. So it came to the dense buildings with a variety of turrets, bay windows and other elements.
Another unusual feature of the history of the castle Eltz is that it survived the Reunionskriege of Louis XIV harmless. This is due to the skill of a man of the branched clan of Eltz, who served as an officer in the French army. (At that time, nationality was not that important.)
He was able to get his headquarters removed from the destruction order of the "Sun King", who otherwise fell victim to almost all fortifications in our region.
The visit of Burg Eltz is worthwhile not only because of the fantastic location and perfect condition, but also because of the qualified guides. The castle can be reached on foot from Moselkern or from the parking area above Müden, or by car via Münstermaifeld and Wierschem.
June 16, 2017
Beautiful tour to the castle Eltz!
The path is known to be the destination, but the way to this destination is really great!
The castle is from the 12th century and was even the castle on the 500 DM bill! One of the few castles that has never been conquered or destroyed in war.
Medium hike. Good condition required! The orange waymark is wonderfully marked on every corner, so you really can not get lost!
May 2, 2017
The castle was probably built at the beginning of the 12th century. The name Eltz is first mentioned in 1157 in a deed of donation of Frederick I Barbarossa. The late Romanesque keep Platt-Eltz and remains of the Romanesque residential house are still preserved today. Burg Eltz was built to protect a path that connected the Moselle with the Eifel and the very fertile lava fields of the Maifeld west of Koblenz. It is encircled by the Elz on three sides and towers up to seven storeys high on a 70 meter high, elliptical rock head, which serves as a foundation. The builders oriented themselves at the plant on the natural rock formation. This created the unusual floor plans of individual rooms of the houses, which are named after the lines of the house Eltz Platteltz, Kempenich, Rodendorf and Rübenach. Already before 1268, the castle and the associated goods were divided among the three brothers Elias, Wilhelm and Theodoric. The castle Eltz was henceforth a Ganerbenburg, in which several lines of the house Eltz lived together in a community of heirs - if you like the medieval form of a shared flat.
In the Palatinate War of Succession of 1688/89, a large part of the Rhenish castles was destroyed. Since Hans Anton was a senior officer in the French army to Eltz Üttingen, he could protect the castle Eltz from destruction. In addition to Schloss Bürresheim, Burg Eltz is the only Eifel fortress that was never conquered or devastated. Count Hugo Philipp zu Eltz became the sole owner of the castle in 1815 through the purchase of the Rübenacher house and the landed property of the barons of Eltz-Rübenach, which is still in family ownership in the 33rd generation. From 1845-88 extensive repair work was carried out. Partially destroyed by fire in 1920, the fairy-tale monument was restored in the following years.
Source: German Foundation for Monument Protection
August 10, 2019
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