Hard work makes you thirsty! No wonder the Industrial Revolution witnessed the construction of many breweries alongside new factories and working-class neighborhoods, thus quenching the thirst of the rising capital of Berlin. The new bottom-fermented brewing process, imported from Bavaria, was perfectly suited to industrial production. And the hilly topography of Prenzlauer Berg (Berg being German for “hill”) facilitated the construction of large cellars necessary for cold storage. There were more than a dozen breweries here around 1900.
With the rise of the electrical power and engineering industries around 1880, Berlin made the jump from large city to metropolis. Small workshops like Siemens & Haske, initially located in back courtyards, grew into multinational corporations. Berlin was not only a center of production. It was a testing ground for modern life. New technology changed the DNA of the city. Underground electric cables were laid next to water and gas lines, thus providing the metropolis with power.
This network only surfaced at its central distribution points: electrical substations. These imposing structures of burgeoning industry changed the face of the city. Initially built in the historicist mode popular in Imperial Germany, they later favored the style of the New Objectivity. In addition, the electrification of machines, illumination, transportation, and communications media changed the working and everyday lives of the city’s inhabitants – they were literally “electrified.” Workers from Pomerania and Silesia sought their fortunes in the bustling metropolis. Berlin rapidly developed into an “electropolis.”
November 7, 2019
Thematic route "Warm light and cold beer" developed by the Berlin Center for Industrial Culture.Hard work makes you thirsty! No wonder that during the Industrial Revolution not only new factories and workers' quarters were built, but also many breweries to quench the thirst of the ever-growing metropolis. Around 1900 there were more than a dozen breweries in Prenzlauer Berg.With the emergence of the electrical industry in 1880, Berlin finally developed from a big city to a metropolis. Small backyard workshops such as Siemens & Halske grew into global corporations. The new technology changed the DNA of the city. Electric cables traversed the subsurface alongside water and gas pipes and supplied the metropolis with energy.This network came to the surface only in its central points, the substations. The imposing buildings of the emerging industry changed the face of the city, initially in the style of imperial historicism, later in the style of New Objectivity.The electrification of machines, lighting, traffic and communication media changed the working and living world of the people - it was just "electrified"! Workers came from Pomerania and Silesia and sought their luck in the bustling metropolis. Berlin developed at a rapid pace to the "Electropolis".industriekultur.berlin
May 23, 2019
Die Berliner Stadtgeschichte aus einer neuen Perspektive entdecken, dazu laden die fünf vom Berliner Zentrum Industriekultur (bzi) geplanten Radrouten ein. Die Themenroute „Warmes Licht und kühles Bier“ macht den Auftakt. Nach und nach folgen weitere Routen, die zu Spuren und Zeugnissen der industriekulturell geprägten Stadtlandschaft führen. Berlin ist wie keine andere europäische Metropole geprägt durch die Entwicklung von Technik und Industrie, von den Anfängen der Industriellen Revolution in Preußen bis zum Niedergang der „Elektropolis“ nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. Gewerbehöfe, Umspannwerke und Industrieareale, mittlerweile vielfach anderweitig genutzt, prägen das besondere Berliner Flair.