Die Eroberung der Festung Königstein
Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz planned a hike.
March 2, 2021
The Königstein Fortress is one of the classic excursion destinations in Saxon Switzerland, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world every year. We want to conquer the fortress, which was once considered impregnable, on foot. This hike offers the opportunity to combine a tour of the Königstein Fortress and immersion in its 800-year history with a varied hike.
Coming from Königstein train station or from the parking lot, we first pass the pedestrian traffic lights over the busy B 172. From Reissiger Platz (bus stops) we walk past the Königstein church. Our ascent on the Harald-Schurz-Weg begins behind the church. The path is signposted with the "blue line" and "Malerweg" markings. After just a few meters on the old, sandstone-paved path, the view opens up to the Lilienstein opposite and the town of Königstein. We continue over a few steps through the forest until we come to the edge of a large meadow from which we can take a look at the Pfaffenstein. Past the Palmschänke (no longer in operation) the path will soon be wider. At a fork in the road we decide on the right path ("blue line"; painter's path) that leads to the mighty fortress wall. The patrol path begins directly under the fortress wall at the parking lot, which we walk counter-clockwise.The patrol route was laid out in the 19th century. The guards now had a close look at the wooded slope - that promised more security in the event of war, but it also made it more difficult for prisoners of the fortress to escape.The high, smoothly sanded rock walls, the various towers and buildings that can be seen from below and the natural rock formations such as chimneys (Abratzky chimney), cracks and weathering are impressive. After approx. 1.5 km the fortress is circled at the foot and we climb the wide cobblestone path (chargeable) through the mighty Medusentor, over the drawbridge and the long, dark ramp ("Dark Apparaille") up to the plateau of the Königstein fortress . There is so much to discover here that a guided tour or renting an audio guide is highly recommended! Note: There is a fee to enter!The Königstein Fortress is one of the largest mountain fortresses in Europe and is located on the Table Mountain of the same name above the town of Königstein. The 9.5 hectare rock plateau rises 240 meters above the Elbe. More than 50 buildings, some of which are 400 years old, bear witness to the military and civil life on the fortress. The medieval castle belonged to the Kingdom of Bohemia. The first full name “Königstein” was given in the Upper Lusatian border document of 1241, which Wenzel I sealed “in lapide regis” (Latin: on the king's stone). In the exhibition of the same name, the history of the Königstein Fortress is shown very clearly. There are also many exciting exhibits for children to try out and touch. Numerous buildings and exhibitions can be visited, such as the Magdalenenburg in which the giant wine barrel of August the Strong was located in the 18th and 19th centuries. The second deepest castle fountain in Europe at 152.5 meters is particularly impressive. In the fountain house you can experience a demonstration of water pumping.We get back down the same way or with the elevator. Now it goes on the Malerweg and the marking "red point" in the direction of Königstein / Thürmsdorf. Soon we will come across the old fortress road. If you go to the right, you will be back in Königstein in 15 minutes. However, we decide to follow the Alte Festungsstraße to the left (Malerweg). Soon we reach a large meadow. If you look back, you have a wonderful view of the fortress and the Lilienstein. Continuing on the Malerweg, we cross under the B172 through a pedestrian tunnel, cross the road that leads to Struppen and thus arrive at the historic Kanonenweg (marked "yellow line"). On this it goes downhill towards Königstein.The Kanonenweg has been around since the 17th century. In order to be able to transport heavy goods such as cast iron artillery up to the fortress, it became necessary to create a flatter ramp through the steep slope of the Elbe. In the upper part you can still see the old paving.From the Elbhäuserweg, which runs parallel to the railway, you have a good view of the Elbe. Now it is not far to reach Königstein.
This tour is suitable for children and dogs.Starting and ending point of the tour: Königstein / Reissiger PlatzArrival by public transport: S-Bahn S1 to Königstein or hiking bus 241 to Königstein / Reissiger Platz (vvo-online.de)Parking: Parking lot in Königstein at the roundabout (chargeable, approx. 30 parking spaces)