Zeitreise ins 19. Jahrhundert: Napoleonschanze und Gautschgrotte
Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz planned a hike.
November 4, 2020
The starting point is the parking lot or the oak bus stop in Hohnstein. We walk past the playground, down into the village and at the town hall to the left (following the signs to Gautschgrotte). The small road leads into the forest and we now follow the green line and slash (nature trail sign). It goes at almost the same height along the rocks. After a few minutes we take a detour to the left to the Gautsch grotto.The Gautsch grotto is one of the most famous layer joint caves in Saxon Switzerland. It owes its name to Karl Gautsch, who fought for democratic rights during the German Revolution of 1848/1849. The riot was suppressed militarily in 1849. Karl Gautsch was sentenced to 20 years in prison for participating in the uprising.Back from the detour to the grotto, we continue hiking. Later, the terrain widens a little, we take a detour to the left to the thief's cave.We hike slightly uphill and keep right at the next fork in the road (green line). After some time we come to an intersection with a red line, we follow this sign for a short distance to the left / straight ahead and turn right at the next intersection (green line and slanted green line). Soon a wide, unmarked path branches off to the left, we turn into this and continue hiking. We cross a wide hiking trail, pass the Waldborn, cross the Brandstrasse (wide forest path with a blue line) and hike slightly uphill to the edge of the forest. Here we meet a path (green line) and branch off to the left. It goes along the edge of the forest, then we turn right (following the signs) across a meadow to the Napoleonschanze.The Napoleonschanze (Schanzenberg) is an artificial earth wall up to 4 meters high, which had to be built in 1813 by the residents of the Hohnstein-Lohmen Office under the most difficult conditions in order to secure the Napoleonstrasse from the Königstein Fortress to Stolpen Castle. One day after completion, the French army moved into the position. There followed costly battles on both sides of the war opponents. After Austria allied itself with the Russians and Prussians against the French and Saxon troops in August 1813, Napoleon's defeat was sealed with the Battle of Leipzig.After visiting this place steeped in history, we continue to hike (green line) downhill, pass the outdoor pool and keep to the left when we arrive at the road.The tour is suitable for children and dogs.Arrival by public transport:With S1 to Pirna, there with bus 237 (direction Sebnitz) to Eiche, Hohnstein.Arrival by car:Parking is available at the roadside or at the Eiche car park (day ticket: € 5) in Hohnstein.