The Niederhafen is a part of the Port of Hamburg situated on the northern bank of the Elbe, which has been growing since the beginning of the 18th century as a harbor extension in front of the barrier protecting the inland harbor into the Norderelbe. He was Hamburg's first Elbe port and is now used as a marina and investor for harbor cruise ships. It lies between the quay walls of the Vorsetzen and the Sandtorhöft of the large Grasbrooks, today's HafenCity and extends in the west over the Überseebrücke up to the St. Pauli Landungsbrücken. Together with the inland port he was until the construction of Sandtorhafen 1861 the most important cargo handling center.
The first plants were the wharves on the Vorsetzen, as these were no longer sufficient after a few years, 1767 a row of Duckdalben was rammed into the Elbe as anchorage in the stream, where the large sailors could make. The transhipment took place on water, the goods were transhipped to smaller ships, Ewer and Schuten and transported across the numerous flats and waterways to the stores and markets of the city. Due to the confusing shipping traffic in this part of the port of Niederhafen also got the name Rummelhafen. 1795 was followed by a second row of dolphins, which reached to Jonas, the bastion of John the former city wall.In its heyday the Niederhafen was subdivided into several parts of the harbor: the log cabin harbor, directly on the Vorsetzen in front of the Baumwall, named after a building at the harbor entrance, the Georgiushafen on the Kehrwieder, named after the bastion Georgius of the Hamburger Wallanlagen, which was given to the Kehrwieder, the Interior and the outer Brandenburg Harbor and the Inner and Outer Hullhafen. In the west, the interior and the exterior joined Jonashafen.At the site of the former log building harbor is today the City-Sportboothafen. The investors in the eastern part of the Überseebrücke are still called Brandenburger Hafen.
The Niederhafen is part of the Port of Hamburg. It is located east of the Landungsbrücken and west of the Niederbaumbrücke. In the low harbor are the Überseebrücke, the Brandenburg Harbor (eastern pier of the Überseebrücke) and the City-Sportboothafen.
The Port of Hamburg is an open tidal port on the Lower Elbe in the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg. It is the largest seaport in Germany and the third largest in Europe after the port of Rotterdam and Antwerp (as of 2017). In terms of standard container handling figures from 2012, it was the second largest container port in Europe and the seventeenth largest in the world after Rotterdam with its four container terminals. In 2015 it was the third largest container port in Europe after Rotterdam and Antwerp.