Bike Touring Highlight
The "Sunken Library", the monument to the memory of the book burning, is located on the Bebelplatz at the beginning of the street Unter den Linden. Here, on May 10, 1933, more than 20,000 books of "undeutschen Geist" were burned. The books of mainly Jewish, communist, liberal and socially critical authors came from the Old Library of the University. Among the 24 writers called by Goebbels on the spot were among others. Heinrich and Thomas Mann, Erich Kästner, Erich Maria Remarque, Kurt Tucholsky, Berthold Brecht, Heinrich Heine and Siegmund Freud.The books were brought by members of the National Socialist Students' Association and many professors of the Friedrich Wilhelm University (now Humboldt University) accompanied by SA and SS chapels, in the middle of the Bebelplatz (formerly Kaiser-Franz-Josef-Platz) piled up and burned under the whims of a large audience. One of the "fire sayings" was: "Against decadence and moral decay! For breeding and custom in family and state! I hand over to the flame the writings of Heinrich Mann, Ernst Glaeser and Erich Kästner ". The fire did not really get going at first, as it was raining heavily. Only when the fire brigade poured gasoline into the fire did the flames rise.