Hiking Highlight (Segment)
Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855) was a mathematician, astronomer, geodesist and physicist who lived and worked in Göttingen for more than 50 years as a student and later director of the observatory, caused a worldwide sensation through his research and became one of the world's most important mathematicians ("Gauss 'normal distribution', 'Gaussian curvature', etc.). Gauss has also made pioneering achievements in other disciplines and has written a significant history of science until today. In 1849 he received the honorary citizenship of the city of Göttingen.Wilhem Weber (1804-1891) was appointed professor of physics in Göttingen in 1831 on the recommendation of Carl Friedrich Gauss, headed the Physical Cabinet arg Papendiek. From there, the two made the first electromagnetic telegraph connection to the observatory at Geismarlandstrasse 11, where they spanned a Kurdraht over the roofs of the city.In 1837 Weber was dismissed as one of the Göttingen Seven, who protested against the abrogation of the Constitution of Hanover by King Emst August, followed in 1842 a call to Leipzig, but returned in 1848 to his old position in Göttingen. In 1860 he received the honorary citizenship of the city of Göttingen.The Gauss-Weber monument is one of the few important "double statues" (besides Goethe and Schiller in Weimar and the Brothers Grimm in Hanau).
Carl Friedrich Gauss (1777-1855) studied from 1795 to 1798 at the Georg August University. At the age of only 30, the mathematician, astronomer and physicist was appointed to the Georg August University in 1807 and was the first director of the "new" observatory. There he researched until his death in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, physics, geodesy and geophysics. Together with the physicist Wilhelm Eduard Weber, Gauß built the first electromagnetic telegraph in 1833. The telegraph line over the roofs of Göttingen connected the workplaces of the two scientists and facilitated the communication in the context of joint research. "To know before mine, to be before bills," was one of the first transmitted messages, which at that time lasted 270 seconds.
Gauss caused a worldwide sensation with his discoveries, which last until today. He demonstrated, among other things, the constructability of the regular 17-corner and ushered in the age of classical cartography. Gauss was honored, inter alia, with the Copley Medal of the Royal Society London and with the 1856 by King George V of Hanover commemorative medal with the inscription MATHEMATICORUM PRINCIPI - "the prince of mathematicians".Source: uni-goettingen.de