The largest of the Europe-wide rare mountain heaths in northwestern Germany is located near Niedersfeld. The wide, tree-poor landscape turns into a pink carpet of heather blossoms in late summer.
About 10,000 years ago, a treeless tundra spread across the Upland. With the subsequent warming the forest conquered the areas back. Only in marshes, on rocks and in the sparse crippled forests of the highest elevations could some of the typical plant species of the glacial tundra survive.
Here you will find plants that thrive particularly well on barren soil and under extreme climatic conditions with lots of wind and snow: woody plants such as pine and rowanberry, broom, arnica, various types of orchids, silver leaf, rib and mountain fern, alpine bear rag, fever clover, seven-star, various Lichen and mosses, cranberries and cranberries, and especially the heather that shapes the landscape.
Source and further information: willingen.de/themen/familie-freizeit/naturerlebnisse/hochheide.html