The fortress Rosenberg is surrounded by baroque fortifications high altitude castle over the Upper Franconian town of Kronach. It is one of the best preserved fortresses in Bavaria and has never been taken by force in its long history, whose tradeable origins go back to the 13th century. In addition to the Forchheim Fortress, it was one of the two fortresses of the prince-bishops of Bamberg, who built Rosenberg over the centuries from a medieval fortress to a renaissance castle and later to a modern fortress complex. With its numerous construction phases, the plant is considered an outstanding example of the development of military construction in Germany. Including ditches and outworks, the built-up area covers approximately 8.5 hectares, along with the former earthworks in the northern apron, the fortified terrain was once 23.6 hectares.
Very interesting fortress!
01. March to 29. October, Tuesday to Sunday, 9.30 am to 5.30 pm
Prices for individual visitors:
Admission Exhibition "Fortresses - Franconian Bollwerke" and the Franconian Gallery with fortress tours:
Adults: € 8.00
Students: € 5.00
Steep above the old town of Kronach rises the former Bamberg bishop castle and later Landesfestung on the Rosenberg. The oldest surviving document mentioning the name "Rosenberg" dates back to 1249.
Clearly recognizable are the different stages of construction, which show the ever-changing requirements of the construction of defensive structures through the centuries, from the medieval keep to the walls and towers of the 15th and 16th centuries, to the bastionary Pentagon from the late Baroque period. The juxtaposition of medieval, renaissance-period and baroque fortification architecture gives the facility today its important position within the history of German fortification. The famous master builders Maximilian von Welsch and Balthasar Neumann were involved in the expansion of the fortress
The fortress was never captured or defeated by enemies. In 1888, the city acquired the castle as a non-military property. The early Baroque fortress gate, one of the most beautiful in Germany, was probably built by Antonio Petrini.
Of particular charm is the underground passage system, which can be visited as part of the fortress tours.
Furthermore, the fortress houses the Franconian Gallery, one of the most important art museums in Upper Franconia. In 13 halls, masterpieces of Franconian painting and sculpture from the period around 1300 to the first half of the 16th century are displayed on three floors. presents. One large room each is dedicated to the sculptures by Tilman Riemenschneider and Lucas Cranach's works. Ä. Reserved.
Must see! The most important thing has already been said about the course, so just a few tips: Attention: Admission is only possible in the context of a guided tour. We were a group of 11 people and had a "private tour" booked. Was only a bit more expensive than the participation in a standard tour but you can choose the time and you will certainly get more than with a possibly twice as large group.
The fortress Rosenberg is one of the largest fully preserved fortifications in Germany and enthrones impressively over the medieval old town of Kronach. From the Bastion Marie you have a great view of Kronach and the surrounding countryside. Here is also a restaurant with a nice beer garden. In the summer, the Rosenberg Festival takes place at the fortress Rosenberg - open air theater in a wonderful ambience.
The buildings include the Franconian Gallery, a branch museum of the Bavarian National Collection, and the exhibition "Fortresses - Franconia's bastions". You can also spend the night directly at the fortress in JUFA Hotel.