The Kalkberg is a gypsum hat in the western urban area of Lüneburg. It consists of gypsum and emerged from sediments that were deposited here by the Zechstein Sea about 250 million years ago. Until 1371 there was a castle on the Kalkberg, from which the Principality of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was ruled. It was destroyed during the War of the Lüneburg Succession.Most of the Kalkberg was dismantled by 1923, of what was once 80 meters above sea level, today only 56 meters are left. In 1932 the remainder became one of the first nature conservation monuments in Germany. The steep cliffs and a small lake with swamp zones offer many z. T. Mediterranean animal and plant species a habitat. Halfway up an obelisk commemorates the garrison church, which was built in 1663 for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg and demolished in 1783 due to its dilapidation. The cannon on the summit is of more recent origin; it was only fired when convicts had escaped from the neighboring penitentiary.lustauflueneburg.de/kalkberg/#gsc.tab=0
October 12, 2020
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