St. Michaelis is a former monastery church of the Benedictine monastery St. Michael and one of the main churches of the city of Lüneburg.
The monastery used to play a significant role, the abbot had a high position within the region. The monastery school was well known and in the Metten choir from 1700 to 1702 even Johann Sebastian Bach sang as choirboy. For this reason, the church square is today called Johann Sebastian Bach Platz.
In 956, Otto I, the Great, allowed the Michaelis Monastery to collect customs revenues from the salt production of the Lüneburg Saline. This document is the oldest in which the monastery is mentioned and at the same time the oldest proof of existence for the city of Lüneburg.
Originally, the church and the monastery were built on the Lüneburg limestone mountain, but were then demolished after a storm by the citizens of Lüneburg and rebuilt within the city walls at the foot of the Kalkberg. The laying of the foundation stone for today's St. Michaelis Church took place in 1376, and the tower was built until 1434. A problem of the construction is still the statics, the church stands nevertheless on a demolition edge of the underground salt stick. Up to 70 cm, the mighty columns inside the church are already out of balance.
As the only monastery in the Principality of Lüneburg, the monastery of St. Michael was not repealed on the occasion of the Reformation and continued to exist as a male monastery. Today, the church belongs to the Klosterkammer Hannover, which is also responsible for their maintenance.
The Church of St. Michaelis is an important work of brick Gothic and as a reliably open church during the day, except for worship times, open to visitors.
December 6, 2018
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