The ancient city of Butrint was designated a Cultural Monument in 1948; in 1999 it was registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List; in 2003 the wetland complex, including part of the lagoon and the coastal area of Butrint at Capo Stillo, was proclaimed Ramsar Site and National Park (category II of the IUCN Protected Areas Management Categories). Due to its importance for the protection of archaeological and historical heritage, Butrint was named UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992. The cultural importance of the landscape and the archaeological context was later recognized by extending the UNESCO designation to include a total area of 2900 hectares.Mitology and history of Butrint
Butrint is a microcosm of Mediterranean history that well represents the rise and fall of the great empires that dominated the region. Today it is a jumble of monuments that reflect a period of more than two millennia, from the Hellenistic temples of the fourth century. B.C. to the Ottoman defense systems of the early nineteenth century. According to classical mythology, the ancient Buthrotum was founded by the exiles who fled from the fall of Troy. Once arrived Elleno, son of Priam, sacrificed an ox, which wounded dragged on the surf and died on the beach. Considering it a good omen, the place was called Buthrotum, meaning "wounded ox". The epic poem by Virgil, the Aeneid, tells of Aeneas traveling through Italy who visits Butrint.
November 26, 2018
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