The Upper Jansen Kotten was a Schleifkotten in Gelpetal in Wuppertal district Elberfeld (North Rhine-Westphalia). It is located directly on the border to the districts Cronenberg and Ronsdorf. Here Eichholzbach flows at an altitude of about 235 meters above sea level in the Gelpe. The building was demolished in 1908, only the fireplace has been preserved and was registered as an architectural monument in the list of monuments of the city of Wuppertal.The Schleifkotten was first mentioned in 1800 as the possession of Caspar Eicken. The Schleifkotten passed in 1826 into the possession of Johann Jansen, residing in the nearby hamlet of In der Gelpe. An upper ditch led water of the brook Gelpe to a reserve pond, which was connected with a 200-meter-long ditch with the actual ponds and fed this with water shortage of the Gelpe as a substitute. The water reservoir provided water for the water wheel of the grinding shop, which with its artificial gradient drove the wave of rotating grindstones and plush disks.
According to an inscription on the building, the 20-meter-high chimney was built on a quarry stone base in 1858. The chimney blew off the fumes of a steam engine that supplemented the water. When exactly this steam engine was installed, does not appear from the files - according to tradition, but it should have been the first in the Gelpetal. 1882 work in the Upper Jansenkotten 14 assistants.
The Schleifkotten, which was also mentioned in the documents Dohmskotten or Dammskotten, was until 1897 (according to other information to 1905) in the family estate and then passed to a Barmer entrepreneur. In 1908 the demolition took place, only the chimney remained.
On November 12, 1993, the fireplace was placed under protection as a technical cultural monument. At the beginning of the 21st century, the city of Wuppertal acquired the land from private ownership. In May 2009, the redevelopment of the fireplace, financed by the Gelpeverein fund and supported by the city with logistical funds, was completed.Source: Wikipedia
December 3, 2017
There is a large chimney by the Gelpe brook, a remnant of the Jansenkotten. Iron and steel have been industrially processed here since the 14th century. Hundreds of hammer mills and grinding cabins settled in the neighboring cities, which used the region's hydropower until the beginning of the 20th century.
September 2, 2021
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