"The mighty gates of the city are impressive, and a tour along the city walls reveals the efforts made by the knights against the Turkish enemy: the entire length of the wall is about 5 km." For two centuries, the knights worked on this wall, in defense, to reinforce.In places the city wall is more than 12m wide.When the Johanniter conquered Rhodes in 1309, they only slightly changed the existing Byzantine fortress walls. However, after the great Turkish attack in 1480 could only be averted with great difficulty, and the following year an earthquake severely damaged the city wall and some apartments, Grand Master Pierre d'Aubusson had it almost completely renewed. He had the best fortress builders come to the island. These first strengthened the wall ring. Thereafter, the inner wall was up to 20 m high above the moat, with a thickness of up to 12 m. The whole was crowned, by a 4 m wide parapet. Between the battlements there was enough space to post the cannons. In the moat, which was 25 m wide were small fortress islands, which offered additional protection. In June 1522, the Turks sailed with 400-700 ships, which (here the estimates and records differ widely) 100,000 - 200,000 warriors to conquer the island. Only 500 knights, 1,500 mercenaries and the poorly educated population stood against it. "
March 21, 2018
The center of the old town of Rhodes is the square Ippocratou - almost extinct in winter, in the summer crowded with tourists. Drinking a coffee in one of the sidewalk cafes is considered a similar experience as on St. Mark's Square in Venice. From Ippocratou Square, Sokrates Street, with its many souvenir shops, leads to the major attractions in the west of the Old Town.griechenland-insel.de/Hauptseiten/Rhodos_Altstadt.htm
November 10, 2019
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