The Kalkberg should actually be called “Gipsberg” - because the salt dome under Lüneburg brought the precious building material gypsum to the surface of the earth. In the Middle Ages the "Hliuniburg" stood here, one of the nucleus of the city. The mountain was later removed to produce gypsum.In 1878, the top of the mountain was protected from further mining. In 1932 the gypsum quarry and the rest of the mountain were declared a nature reserve and natural monument. The mountain was originally about 70m high, making it the highest peak far and wide. By mining the gypsum for abdominal substances, the majority of the limestone was removed over the years. With its height of 58m, the Kalkberg is now only 1/16 of its original size.Today you can enjoy a wonderful view of the old town of Lüneburg from the Kalkberg, which is located in the middle of the city. There are paved circular routes around the Kalkberg, so that the "ascent" is not too difficult.The rugged cliffs and a small lake with swamp zones offer many z. T. Mediterranean animal and plant species a habitat. Halfway up, an obelisk commemorates the garrison church, which was erected in 1663 for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg and demolished in 1783 due to its dilapidation. The cannon on the summit is more recent; it was only fired when prisoners had escaped from the neighboring prison.Swell:
June 23, 2020
The Kalkberg is quite centrally located in Lüneburg and can be reached on foot from the city center in a few minutes. There are many footpaths and stairs around the mountain. From the mountain dome you have a very nice view over the city. The area around the Kalkberg, e.g. the former limestone quarry is well worth seeing.Earlier (mid-10th century, until 1371) there was a castle on the Kalkberg, from which the Principality of Lüneburg-Braunschweig was ruled. From 1663 - 1783 there was a garrison church for the ducal troops on the Kalkberg.Gypsum was mined here until 1878, which reduced the formerly 80-meter-high Kalkberg to 58 meters and 1/16 of its former size.
October 12, 2020
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