Alpacas (Lama pacos) belong within the family of the camels (Camelidae) to the subordination of the calluses (Tylopoda). Scientists now agree that the alpaca is derived from the vicuña and the llama from the guanaco.
Her homeland are Chile, Peru and Bolivia.
Like llamas, alpacas were valued and domesticated by the Incas as suppliers of meat and wool around 5,000 years ago. After their drastic decimation by the Spaniards, the remaining animals owed their survival to their importance to the mountain farmers.
There they lived for centuries at an altitude of 4,000 to 5,000 meters on the plateaus of the Andes. They adapted to the nutrient-poor vegetation there.
The extreme weather conditions in the unprotected high mountains with temperatures between the glowing midday sun and nocturnal minus degrees ensured a natural selection among the ancestors of today's alpacas. Even today they are kept in the high Andean regions. In the meantime, however, they are also bred on farms in Europe.de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alpaka
7 days ago
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