"Earlier Count Adolf von Schauenburg recognized the favorable transport situation of the merchant settlement, which was located on an almost completely surrounded by water peninsula between Trave and Wakenitz.In 1143, he founded Lübeck and gave the settlement the city law, thus laying the foundation for the later success of the city as "Queen of the Hanseatic League." The long-distance trade was ultimately the crucial point that should lead to the Hanseatic city of Lübeck should be for about 100 years, the most important trading city in the Baltic Sea region.
The imperial freedom of 1226 gave Lübeck the possibility of a strong and independent trade policy. The law developed in the city became effective as an ordinary law in around 120 Baltic cities. With its port as "gateway to the Baltic Sea" Lübeck gained more and more importance in trade with the Baltic Sea residents. In a long process, the Hanseatic League emerged from the common commercial policy of Low German merchants. Over the centuries, more and more cities joined the Confederation: in the 15th century, around 70 cities actively participated in Hanseatic politics by visiting the Hanseatic Days, and merchants from more than 100 cities used the privileges of the Hanseatic League abroad. Lübeck, located in the middle of the Hanseatic cities, occupied a predominant position and became the "head of the Hanseatic League".
The end of the Hanseatic League began with the discovery of the sea route to India and the silver and gold reserves of America: the creation of the Atlantic economy in which the big money was made. England and Holland strengthened. Increasingly, they handled the Baltic trade with their own ships, so that the Hanseatic merchants lost importance. The Hanseatic privileges were lost and more and more cities were forced to quit under pressure from their rulers or voluntarily turned their backs on him.
The city survived the Thirty Years War and Napoleon Bonaparte. And despite all the defeats and setbacks, the city recovered and flourished again. It was not until 1937 that Lübeck lost its state independence and was integrated into the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein by the National Socialists with the "Hamburg Act".
Due to the Second World War, large parts of the old town were destroyed on Palm Sunday 1942. But Lübeck also recovered from this. "Source: luebeck.de/tourismus/sightseeing/geschichte
December 12, 2016
In December 1987, the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO with the medieval city center of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck for the first time in Northern Europe recognized a whole city area as a World Heritage. "The old town, as a total work of art, is an outstanding example of a settlement area that symbolizes a significant section in the development of humanity," the committee members stated. Decisive for the admission was the striking and unmistakable city skyline with the seven towers of the monumental churches, the planned urban layout with the historical spatial structures of the streets and squares as well as the original historical buildings in the undamaged old town areas.Lübeck was founded in 1143 and created in 1159 under Henry the Lion in the basics preserved to this day. The core of urban architecture is the structures that emerged in the Middle Ages, whose diversity, quality, scale, parceling, facade development and roofscape are unique in Europe.
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April 3, 2019
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